From: http://home.cogeco.ca/~gchalcraft/sm/index.htm published with permission.
See also: http://www.rnsubmus.co.uk/general/losses.htm
Those with a
link have their own page on my own site, this list will grow in time as I manage
to get them online. Many contain never before seen images from families
and can not be reproduced without permission.
|Laid down 3-Dec-43. Launched 14-Mar-45 but not completed -
1948-50 Used with Orion (cruiser) and Ashanti (DD) in Loch
Striven to test effects of non-contact underwater explosions, on and below
surface. Scrapped at Port Glasgow.
|Achates||A||61||20-Sep-45||HMDY_Devonport||Jun-50||Sunk (not war)|
|Laid down 8-Mar-44. Launched 20-Sep-45 but not completed.
May-June 1950 Used in hull strength trials off Gibraltar, from HMS
Flamborough Head. 20 June 50 lowered until hull collapsed. Hull then
lifted and, after examination, sunk in Med to the East of Gibraltar.
|Scrapped at Newport.
|Aeneas||A||P427||61||01-Oct-45||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||13-Dec-74||Scrap|
|23-Feb-48 ran aground. Trials for Blowpipe Missile system
1972-1974 (became an 'SSG'). Trials successful but missile (similar to
Rapier) had too short a range. (And it was a pretty poor idea!) Broken up at
Dunston on Tyne.
|Affray||A||P421||61||01-Apr-45||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||17-Apr-51||Loss (not war)|
|Dived 30 miles south of IOW, did not resurface. Portland
Cemetery. Found in June 1951 67 miles SW of St Catherines Light, in about
280 feet - the 'Hurd Deep', snort mast fractured. Read a
article, or a
|Alaric||A||P441||61||01-Feb-46||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Jul-71||Scrap|
|Collided with jetty 12-Nov-58. 3-Feb-61 struck a sandbank
and is grounded for 20 minutes near Sheerness, U.K. Broken up at
|Alcide||A||P415||61||01-Apr-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jan-74||Scrap|
|Broken up at Hull.
|Alderney||A||P416, later S66||61||01-Jun-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Aug-72||Scrap|
|Refitted and streamlined late 50's. Scrapped Cairnryan.
|Alliance||A||P417, later S67||61||01-Jul-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jan-81||Museum|
|Left Portsmouth 1-Oct-47 for record-breaking 'cruise' in mid
Atlantic. Made snort cruise 9-Oct-47 to 8-Nov-47 (30 days). Tested a new
camouflage paint job when in Far East, 1965. 13/1/68 ran aground and stuck
for three days on a rocky ledge off the Isle of Wight. 12/11/68 suffered a
fire. Battery explosion 29-Jul-71 at Portland. 30/9/71: suffered a hydrogen
buildup and explosion in a battery compartment due to a faulty ventilation
system while in Portsmouth, U.K., killing one and injuring 14. 1/2/72:
engine room flooded while boat on a trial dive off Plymouth, U.K. Touched
the seabed at 122 feet after diving too steeply due to incorrect trimming in
response to the flooding. Left the bottom after bouncing off the seabed. Now
at RN Submarine Museum, Gosport.
|Ambush||A||P418||61||01-Sep-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||05-Jul-71||Scrap|
|Carried out prolonged snort Feb/March 1948, testing snort
conditions in northern waters. (Previous trials by Alliance in
tropics and Taciturn in temperate waters). Scrapped at Inverkeithing.
|Amphion||A||P439, later S43||61||01-Aug-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||06-Jul-71||Scrap|
|Completed 27 Mar 45. Hit training ship 3-Sep-58. 10-Jan-67
another collision. Scrapped at Inverkeithing.
|Anchorite||A||P422||61||01-Jan-46||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Aug-70||Scrap|
|13-Oct-56 ran aground in Rothesay Bay. Refloated two days
later. Damaged 3-Oct-60, striking uncharted rock in Hauraki Gulf off New
Zealand. Broken up at Troon 1970.
|Andrew||A||P423||61||01-Apr-46||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-May-77||Scrap|
|Last boat with permanent deck gun. First ever submerged
crossing of Atlantic, May 1953, Bermuda to English Channel. Film star in
On the Beach and others. Involved in collision 1-Oct-58. Far East
1958-68. Caught by trawler in Channel, 1973. Scrapped at Plymouth 1977.
|Artemis||A||P449/S49||61||01-Aug-46||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jan-72||Scrap|
|Sabotaged 1954. Modernised 1955. 21-Jan-56 collided with a
motor fishing vessel off the Isle of Wight. The submarine was undamaged and
continued on exercises. Submiss 1963 while on loan to Canada. Sank alongside
at Gosport 1-Jul-71, while 'first filling' fuel tanks - unable to shut after
torpedo hatch due to cabling in place. Three men were trapped onboard the
submarine but managed to escape successfully through the Forward escape
tower. A bad trim and poor precautions lead to the loss and many lessons
were learnt. HMS Artemis never returned to service. Scrapped by
Pounds of Portsmouth.
|Artful||A||P456||61||01-May-47||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||23-Jun-72||Scrap|
|Broken up at Cairnryan.
|Astute||A||P447||61||01-Jan-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Oct-70||Scrap|
|Scrapped Oct 1970 at Dunston on Tyne.
|Auriga||A||P419||61||01-Mar-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-75||Scrap|
|30 years service. 11/2/70: suffered a battery explosion
while submerged in the Gibraltar area during NATO exercises. Ten people were
injured, but the boat surfaced safely and limped to Gibraltar. Scrapped in
Newport Feb 1975. One of the last to carry deck gun.
|Aurochs||A||P426||61||01-Jul-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-67||Scrap|
|Involved in collision 2-Jul-47. Made 12,000 mile voyage from
Australia via Pacific, ending 3/12/1958. Second British SM to circumnavigate
world. Scrapped at Troon 1967, after three years in Reserve at Gosport.
|Cachalot||'Old' Porpoise||83M||55||15-Aug-38||Scotts, Greenock||30-Jul-41||War Loss|
|Sinks U51 off L'Orient, France 20-Aug-40. ML. Lost NW
of Benghazi, eastern Libya - rammed by Italian torpedo boat General
Achille Papa. On 9-July-41 Cachalot left Alexandria loaded with
stores bound for Malta and arrived on the 16th. She left Malta on the 26th
with personnel bound for Alexandria and instructions to look out for an
escorted tanker heading for Benghazi. At 0200 on the morning of 30-July a
destroyer was spotted heading towards Cachalot, forcing the boat to
dive. On re-surfacing, Cachalot was spotted and attacked by the
Italian destroyer which steamed in firing its guns. Cachalot’s upper
hatch jammed, thereby preventing a crash dive, and the Italian destroyer
rammed into her, although not at great speed as the Italian Captain had
realised that the order to abandon the submarine had already been given. As
the crew went into the water the main vents were opened and Cachalot
sank in very deep water. All the crew, apart from a Maltese steward, were
picked up by the destroyer and transported to Benghazi from where they were
taken to a POW camp near Naples, until repatriation in 1943.
|Clyde||River||12F||60||15-Mar-34||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||30-Jul-46||Scrap|
|Lt DC Ingram torpedoed and hit German battlecruiser
Gneisenau off Trondheim, Norway 20-Jun-40. (Ingram promoted and, as
Commander, established HMS Varbel, the base at Port Bannatyne, near Rothesay,
used for training Chariot teams). Joined 8th Flotilla at Gibraltar May 1941
to Dec 1942 - Malta Bus. Refit 1943 in USA. Jan 1944 to Apr 1944 at Holy
Loch with 3rd Flotilla. Apr 1944 to Jun 1945 based Trincomalee and
Fremantle. Put into Reserve July 1945. Scrapped Durban.
|Grampus||'Old' Porpoise||56M||55||10-Mar-37||HMDY Chatham||16-Jun-40||War Loss|
|Minelayer; Lost off Augusta, eastern Sicily in Ionian Sea (c
37-00'N, 15-30'N) - by Italian torpedo boats Circe and Clio/Polluce.
Sailed from Malta 10-Jun-40 to lay mines off Augusta, east coast of Sicily.
At 1900 on 16-Jun-40, Italian Torpedo Boat Circe spotted a periscope
and launched a depth charge attack on the position, along with the
Polluce. Lost with all hands.
|Graph||ex-U Boat, Type VIIC||ex U570||46||1940||Blohm and Voss, Hamburg||20-3-44||Scrap|
|U-570 surfaced off Iceland in misty weather on 27-Aug-41
under the nose of a patrolling Hudson aircraft from No.269 Squadron RAF. The
Hudson (SqnLdr Thompson) instantly straddled the target with four
depth-charges which so shook the captain and crew that it was decided to
surrender without a fight. Subsequently, it was found that there was hardly
anything wrong with the boat, except for the loss of some control systems,
so the surprise had led to panic and surrender. Used in RN for
anti-submarine training but, apart from the technical knowledge gleaned from
it, was something of a liability for its crew. Usually flew a very large
White Ensign! The Graph broke her tow and ran aground on Islay, West
of Scotland on 20-Mar-44. Later salvaged and scrapped, after depth-charge
trials were made on her hull.
|With 5th Flotilla at Gosport through 1920's and 1930's.
Training Flotilla at Rothesay. Broken up at Troon Oct 1944.
|H31||H||22||16-Nov-18||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||24-Dec-41||War Loss|
|5th Flotilla at Gosport in 1920's and 30's. Training
Flotilla at Rothesay but used for patrols off Brest Spring 1941. (Lt Frank
Gibbs+), December 1941, in Bay of Biscay - 'overdue, presumed lost'. Sailed
from Falmouth and left escort around the 19-Dec-41 for Biscay patrol, 250
miles north of Cape Finisterre. Overdue on the 26-Dec-41, cause of loss
unknown. Possibly German minefield or drifting British mines; lost with all
|With 5th Flotilla at Gosport through 1920's and 1930's.
Training Flotilla at Rothesay. Broken up 1944.
|With 5th Flotilla at Gosport through 1920's and 1930's.
Training Flotilla at Rothesay but used for patrols off Brest Spring 1941.
Returned to training duties for three more years. Lt. Chapman, writer of
Submarine Torbay, was the C.O. Broken up 1944.
|With 5th Flotilla at Gosport through 1920's and 1930's.
Training Flotilla at Rothesay. Broken up July 1945.
|Training Flotilla at Rothesay. Broken up July 1945.
|Training Flotilla at Rothesay. Broken up July 1945.
|H49||H||H49||22||15-Jul-19||Beardmore, Dalmuir||17-Oct-40||War Loss|
|10-Dec-38 paid off into Reserve. Recommissioned Aug 1939 for
training duties with the 5th Flotilla. May 1940 3rd Flotilla, Harwich.
H49 sailed from Harwich 17-Oct-1940 with orders to patrol off Texel, on
the Dutch coast. At 1510 on the 17th, west of Texel island, the submarine
sighted a German anti-submarine flotilla of five vessels at a distance of
3000 yards; the flotilla also spotted the submarine. H49 immediately
dived to 60 feet and depth charges began to fall around her. The submarine
endured over two hours of depth charge attacks until 1850 when a large oil
slick was sighted on the surface by the attacking vessels. Presumed sunk by
Uj116 and Uj118
|H50||H||H50||22||25-Oct-19||Beardmore, Dalmuir||July 1945||Scrap|
|6th Flotilla at Portland through 1920's. Served throughout
the war, mainly on training duties based at Rothesay, but carried out war
patrols in Spring 1941.
|Junon||Diane||P19||42||01-Sep-35||Normand, Le Havre||Scrap|
|French SM in UK at fall of France and taken under RN control 1940. Dundee until 44 then returned to France - reserve at Oran.|
|Narwhal||Porpoise||45M||55||28_Feb_36||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01_Aug_40||War Loss|
|Minelayer; Lost North Sea or off Norway. Sailed from Blyth
22-Jul-40 to lay mines off Kristiansund, Norway on 28-Jul-40. German
aircraft reported attacking a submarine of afternoon of 23-Jul-40. Failed to
return and paid off on 1-Aug-40. May have been sunk by German mines or
aircraft; lost with all hands
|Originally O-1. 1927-1931 5th Flotilla, Portsmouth.
1931-1934 1st Flotilla, Malta. 1934-1935 1st Flotilla, Home Fleet. 1935-1938
5th Flotilla, Portsmouth. 11 Oct 1935 Damaged in collision with HMS
Thanet at Devonport. 1938-1939 reserve and refit at Portsmouth. 2-Aug-39
recommissioned for war service, principally for training but with some
patrols. Based on UK ports until paid off 5-Jul-44 at Blyth. 24-Aug-45 Sold
for breaking up at Dunston.
|Odin||O||84P||55||21-Dec-29||HMDY Chatham||13-Jun-40||War Loss|
|Portsmouth 1929-30; Hong Kong 1930-39; East Indies 39-40;
Malta 1940. Sailed from Alexandria, Egypt, for patrol in Gulf of Taranto.
The Italian Destroyer Strale sighted Odin at 2321 on
13-Jun-40. The Destroyer turned to attack, first with torpedoes, and then
with gunfire. Strale then attempted to ram the submarine, which fired
a torpedo from a stern tube before diving. Having failed to ram the
submarine, the Strale launched a pattern of depth charges before
returning to her designated patrol. At 0157 the Torpedo Boat Baleno
sighted Odin surfacing about 9 miles from the position of the
original attack. The Baleno also attempted to ram the submarine,
which once again dived to avoid her pursuer. Passing over the area Baleno
dropped two depth charges, turned and dropped three more. Later that morning
aerial reconnaissance by the Italian Air Force revealed oil slicks in both
attack areas. The Italians believed the attacks to be on two separate
submarines. But it is believed that both attacks were on Odin. The
first badly damaging the submarine, the second finished her off. Lost (c
|Olympus||O||35P||55||1927-30||Beardmore, Dalkeith||8-May-42||War Loss|
|1931-1939 4th Flotilla, China Station. 1939-1940 8th
Flotilla, Colombo. 1940-1942 Mediterranean. Damaged 7 July 1940 by bomb
while in dock in Malta. Left Malta 8 May 42 and lost off Malta Grand Harbour
(6 miles from St Elmo Light) - German E-boat-laid mines. On passage with
personnel from Malta to Gibraltar, including many of the crews of bombed
submarines Pandora, P.35, P.36 and P.39.
Survivors swam 7 miles back to Malta, but only nine survived. 89 men lost.
|Orpheus||O||46P||55||23-Sep-30||Beardmore, Dalkeith||19-Jun-40||War Loss|
|Based Portsmouth 1930-31; Hong Kong 1931-39; East Indies
1939-40; Malta 1040. Third s/m lost in a week, North of Tobruk, eastern
Libya (c 32-30'N, 24-00'E) - when depth charged by Italian destroyer
Turbine. From Alexandria on patrol off coast of Libya, on her first Med
|Osiris||O||67P||55||25-Jan-29||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||Sep 1946||Scrap|
|Portsmouth 1929-30; Hong Kong 1930-37; Portsmouth 1938-1939;
Med 1939-42 (Malta and Alexandria); East Indies 1942-1944. Malta Bus
operations 1940. Lt Cdr J R Harvey; 16 Aug 1940 sank a transport. 22-Sep-40
sank Italian torpedo boat Palestro off Brindisi, Strait of Otranto,
while attacking a convoy. When returning to Alexandria she was presented
with a 'Jolly Roger' flag by the Captain SM, the first use of such a flag in
WW2. Refit at Chatham Jan-May 1941. Returned to Med, then, Aug '43 to
Eastern Fleet for A/S training. Paid off March 1945. Scrapped 1946 at
|Oswald||O||58P||55||19-Jul-28||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1-Aug-40||War Loss|
|Based at Portsmouth 1929-30, Hong Kong 1930-37, Portsmouth
1938-39, Malta 1939-40. Left Alexandria 19-Jul-40 for patrol east of Sicily.
At 1230 30 July, spotted convoy of three merchant ships and several
destroyers passing through the Strait of Messina. Sent sighting reports and
made unsuccessful attack. Italian 14th and 16th Destroyer Squadrons ordered
to seek out the submarine. Sighted on the surface at midnight 1-Aug-40, at
range of 2500 meters, by Italian destroyer Ugolino Vivaldi. According
to the subsequent investigation (Aug 1943) the Captain of Oswald was
called to the bridge by the night-alarm, but was unable to see because he
had been decyhering a signal in the wardroom without wearing night-adaption
red goggles. He therefore took no avoiding action and no effort was made to
man the gun or bring the torpedo tubes to bear. The destroyer came in to
ram, hitting Oswald on the starboard side with a glancing blow, but
the captain had ordered 'Abandon Ship', just before the collision. The s/m
was scuttled by the captain's order. Lost 10 miles SE of Cape Spartivento,
SW Italy in Ionian Sea. Fifty two of the crew of fifty five survived.
|Otus||O||92P||55||1-May-29||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1946||Scuttled|
|Portsmouth 1929-30; Hong Kong 1930-39; Med 1940-42.
Transported aviation fuel, torpedoes and munition to Malta Aug 42. Returned
to Home waters 1942 then South Atlantic for training from 1943. Scuttled off
|Otway||O||51P||55||9-Sep-27||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1945||Scrap|
|Designed and built for Australia, known as OA2. Due
to financial constraints, paid off into immediate reserve May 1930.
Recommissioned into the RN at Sydney 1931. Based in Med 1931-1936;
Portsmouth 1937-38; Reserve 1938-39 then recommissioned for war. Service
unknown (any details welcome)
|Oxley||O||55P||55||1-Apr-27||Vickers Armstrong||10-Sep-39||War Loss|
|Designed and built for Australia, returned to Britain due to
financial constraints. Med 1931-1936; Portsmouth 1937-38; Reserve 1938-39.
Recommissioned for war. Sunk off Obrestad, Norwegian coast, south of
Stavanger (c 58-30'N, 5-30'E) - torpedoed in error by HMS/M Triton.
Submarines Oxley and Triton were patrolling off Norway on
10-Sep-1939 and had been in regular contact when Triton spotted an
unidentified submarine off the coast of Norway. Believing it might be
Oxley a number of signals of recognition were flashed by Triton.
No reply was forthcoming and after several challenges Triton fired
two torpedoes that struck the submarine and sent her to the seabed.
Triton closed in on the area and found three survivors. A Board of
Enquiry found that Oxley was some way out of position and that
Triton had acted correctly and was not culpable for the sinking.
|P32||U2||P32||33||1941||HMDY Chatham||18-Aug-41||War Loss|
|Lt D.A.B. Abdy. P32 left Malta for a patrol off
Tripoli 12-Aug-41. On the 18th P32 sighted a convoy of five merchant
vessels heading towards Tripoli. As the submarine returned to periscope
depth, to check the convoy’s position, she struck a mine on the port side.
The submarine took a heavy list to port and began to sink.
|P33||U2||P33||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||20-Aug-41||War Loss|
|Lt R.D. Whiteway-Wilkinson DSC. Sank a supply ship of 6,600
tons. On 6-Aug-1941, P33 sailed from Malta with orders to intercept
an Italian convoy bound for Libya. On 18-Aug, P32 reported hearing a
prolonged depth charge attack that lasted for two hours. When the attack was
finally over P32 attempted to contact P33 but received no
response and it is almost certain that P33 had perished in the
attack. Italians claimed she was sunk by torpedo boat Partenope off
Pantelleria island on the 23rd.
|P36||U2||P36||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Apr-42||Scuttled|
|Lt. H.N. Edmonds DSC. Sunk Malta 1942. Wrecked by bombing.
In harbour after covering Alexandria/Malta convoy (MW.10?) at time of Second
Battle of Sirte (Malta convoys). Salvaged Aug 1958, then scuttled off Malta
|P38 (own page)||U2||P38||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||23-Feb-42||War Loss|
|Lt. R.J. Hemingway DSC. Sank a supply ship of 4,170 tons.
P38 left Malta 16-Feb-1942 to intercept a convoy off Tripoli. By the
23rd she was in position as the convoy hove into view. Amongst the convoy
was the Italian destroyer Circe. At 0800 the Circe reported
contact with a submarine and the warships turned to attack. A periscope was
sighted but was quickly replaced by bubbles as the submarine dived realising
it had been spotted. At 1050 after a flurry of attacks P38 rose stern
first out of the water, her propellers turning wildly, before crashing back
beneath the waves. A large patch of oil appeared on the surface as well as
debris - clear evidence of the submarine’s destruction. Sunk east of
Tripoli, western Libya (c 32-45'N, 15-00'E) -
|P39||U2||P39||33||1941||Vickers Armstrong, Barrow||26_Mar_42||War Loss|
|Lt N Marriott, DSC, and Lt. J.D. Martin as spare C.O.
Damaged Malta 1942, by German bombers. In harbour following a patrol in the
area east of Tunisia. Previous bomb damage being repaired. Too badly damaged
for repair. Salvaged, towed to Kalkara and beached 1943. Broken up in 1954.
Many of the crew later lost on Olympus on the way home.
|P41/Uredd||U2||P41||33||1941||Vickers Armstrong, Barrow||24 Feb 43||War Loss|
|Lost, cause unknown in the Bodø area off Norway, while
serving in the Royal Norwegian Navy as Uredd.
|P47/Dolfijn||U2||P41||33||Vickers Armstrong, Barrow||Scrap|
|Loaned to the Royal Netherlands Navy as Dolfijn.
Returned to RN and broken up in 1947.
|P48||U2||P48||33||1941/2||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||25-Dec-42||War Loss|
|Commanded by Lt. M.E. Fratier. Sailed from Malta 23-Dec-42;
Sunk Christmas Day 1942, in Gulf of Tunis (c 37-15N, 10-30'E) - by depth
charges of Italian destroyer escorts Ardente, Ardito and
possibly Audace, northwest of Zembra Island. Attacking Italian convoy
making for Tunis.
|P52||U2||poss. P552||33||01_Oct_42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Apr-58||Scrap|
|Polish DZIK 42-46, then Danish Navy as U1 in
1946, then HDMS Springeren in 1948. Broken up at Faslane 1958.
|P222||S3||P222/P72||48||4-Mar-42||Vickers Armstrong||12-Dec-42||War Loss|
|Originally designated P72, renumbered in July 1941.
Commanded by Lt.Cdr. A.J. MacKenzie, P222 left Gibraltar for a patrol
off Naples on 30-Nov-1942. Messages were received from her on 7th-Dec but
after that no more was heard. P222 failed to arrive at Algiers on her
due date of 21-Dec and the Italians claimed to have sunk a submarine by
depth charging from Italian torpedo boat Fortunale on 12th-Dec, in
Bay of Naples, SE of Capri. This is the most probable cause of the
submarine’s loss but there has been no confirmation. Attacking Italian
convoy off Naples. Adopted by Swindon.
|P311||T||P311||40||1942||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||08-Jan-43||War Loss|
|Only unnamed T-class boat - was due to have been named
Tutenkhamen. Cdr RD Cayley (Harmonica Dick). Fitted to carry 2
human torpedoes (Chariots).
Lost while engaged in Operation Principle, Chariot attack on Italian
cruisers at La Maddalena. Left Scotland in November 1942 with sister-boats
Thunderbolt and Trooper after addition of human torpedo
deck-mounted watertight containers, direct for Malta. From there, sailed
with two Chariots for Operation "Principle". Last signal on 31st December
from position 38-10'N, 11-30'E. Probably sunk by Italian mines in the
approaches to Maddalena. Italians claimed sunk by torpedo boat 'Partenope'
on 29th - two days before her last signal; lost with all hands.
|P511||Ex US R.3||SS80, P511||33||1919||Quincy, Fore River, USA||1944||Returned|
|Transferred to RN 4-Nov-1941 at New London. Joined 7th
Flotilla at Holy Loch for anti-submarine training in January 1942. In
January 1943 transferred to Plymouth, for use as an anti-submarine 'target'
boat. Damaged in collision with P556. October 1944 placed in reserve
and nominally returned to USN November 1944, but remained laid up. Scrapped
at Troon in February 1948.
|P512||ex US R.17||SS94, P512||33||1918||Union Iron Works, San Francisco, USA||1944||Returned|
|Transferred to RN 9 March 1942 at New London. Never left
American waters, being stationed at Halifax (1942-43) and Bermuda (1943-44)
for anti-submarine training, refitting at Philadelphia. Handed back to USN
September 1944 and sold for scrap in Philadelphia November 1945. 19 July 42
transferred to Royal Canadian navy, operating from Bermuda and Halifax NS.
Returned to US in Sep 1944.
|P514||ex US R.19||SS96, P514||33||1918||Union Iron Works, San Francisco, USA||21-Jun-42||War Loss|
|Sunk by accident in Atlantic - on passage around the coast
of Newfoundland from Argentia to St Johns. On 20-Jun-1942 P514 left
the Canadian village of Argentia bound for St Johns, Newfoundland. At 0300
on the 21st the minesweeper Georgian was waiting to provide an escort
for a convoy bound for Sydney. The Georgian, unaware that any
friendly submarines were in the area, assumed that the dark shape of P514
crossing her bow, was an enemy vessel. The Georgian rammed the
mystery submarine amidships and reported it sunk. A rescue mission was
immediately sent out but no survivors were found. A Board of Enquiry into
the accident accepted that the Captain of the Georgian had acted
correctly as there had been no reply from the submarine to his
|P551||ex-US S25||SS130, P551||42||1921||Bethlehem Steel, Quincy, USA||1942||War Loss|
|ex-US S class boat, Leased 1941. Transferred to RN at St.
Johns, Newfoundland 4 November 1941 and commissioned same day by Polish crew
as the Jastrzab. December 1941 arrived UK, initially joined 3rd
Flotilla at Greenock, but transferred to 6th Flotilla, based at Blyth.
Refitted on Tyneside Feb-March 1942 before deploying on first operational
patrol in May. Acting as an escort to convoy QP.11 when attacked in error by
St. Albans and Seagull. Lost 1942.
|P552||ex-US S1||SS105, P552||42||1918||Quincy, Fore River, USA||1944||Returned|
|Ttransferred to RN at New London 20 April 1942. Arrived UK
in July and initially intended that she go to Bombay as a training boat,
however this was amended to Simonstown, South Africa. She arrived in South
Africa, via Gibraltar and Freetown, in December 1942. She was not in good
material condition, and spent much of her time in dockyard hands. Declared
unseaworthy following a collision in Durban harbour in January 1944, and
paid off into reserve. Nominally returned to USN 16 October 1944. Sold for
scrap locally at Durban in June 1946.
|P553||ex-US S21||SS126, P553||42||1921||Bethlehem Steel, Quincy, USA||1944||Returned|
|ex-US S class boat, ex-US boat. Transferred to RN at New
London 14 September 1942. Remained in American waters, based at Halifax, NS,
as a training boat. Returned to USN at Philadelphia 11 July 1944.
|P554||ex-US S22||SS127, P554||42||1921||Bethlehem Steel, Quincy, USA||1944||Returned|
|ex-US S class boat, ex-US boat, transferred to RN at New
London 19 June 1942. Based at Halifax as a training vessel. Returned to the
USN at Philadelphia 11 July 1944.
|P555||ex-US S24||SS129, P555||42||1921||Bethlehem Steel, Quincy, USA||1942||Sunk (not war)|
|ex-US S Class boat, (nicknamed 'State Express') used for
training, based on Holy Loch/Rothesay. Transferred to RN at New London 10
August 1942. Arrived UK in October and joined 7th Flotilla at Holy Loch as a
training boat. Paid off into reserve May 1944. Nominally returned to USN 20
December 1944. Now lies some miles South West of Portland, 50 30.87N 02
33.43W. Sunk 28-Apr-47 as Asdic Target in depth of 42m. Still reasonably
intact and upright (Ack. Darren Wigington).
|P556||ex-US S29||SS134, P556||42||1922||Bethlehem Steel, Quincy, USA||1944||Returned|
|ex-US boat, transferred to RN at New London 5 June 1942.
Arrived Gibraltar, via Bermuda, in August 1942 to refit, nominally as part
of 8th Flotilla. To Plymouth February 1943, for anti-submarine training
role. Moved to Portsmouth, same role, in November 1943. Damaged by a battery
explosion 27 January 1944, and paid off into reserve in April. Nominally
returned to USN 26 January 1945. Sold to Messrs Pounds, Portsmouth for scrap
24 January 1947 (but not broken up for years afterwards, sometime in the
|P611||ex-Turkish||'Oruc Reis'||40||1941-2||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1957||Scrap|
|Turkish submarine Oruc Reis being built by Vickers at
the outbreak of war. Completed 1 December 1941 and commissioned into RN for
work up. Very similar to S Class, but fewer tubes. Decided to complete and
deliver this and Murat Reis, so temporarily commissioned in RN as
P611 for delivery. Sailed Clyde 26 Mar 42, reaching Turkish base of
Iskanderun 9 May, via Gib and Alex.
|P612||ex-Turkish||'Murat Reis'||40||1939/40||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1957||Scrap|
|Turkish submarine Murat Reis being built by Vickers
at the outbreak of war. Very similar to S Class, but fewer tubes. Completed
7 January 1942 and commissioned in RN for work up, attached 3rd Flotilla,
Clyde. Decided to complete and deliver this and Oruc Reis, so
temporarily commissioned in RN as P612 for delivery. Sailed UK 26
March 1942 in company with P.611, but passage from Gibraltar to eastern Med
made separately. Transferred Turkish navy 25 May 1942 as Murat Reis.
|P614||ex-Turkish||Burak Reis||40||1939/40||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1957||Scrap|
|Turkish submarine Burak Reis being built by Vickers
at the outbreak of war. Very similar to S Class, but fewer tubes. Decided to
complete and retain this and Uluc Ali Reis, commissioned in RN as
P614. Used for training around West of Scotland. Between April and Oct
1942 was used for patrols off Norway and as escort for convoy PQ17 to
Murmansk. Finished off by torpedo the US SS Christopher Newport which
had been damaged by bombing. Dec 42 to Aug 43 served in South Atlantic. Oct
43 to Aug 44 refit in UK and then serving with 12th Flotilla working with X
Craft at Kames Bay until March 45. Handed over to Turkey 17 Jan 46. Similar
to British S Class.
|P615||ex-Turkish||Uluc Ali Reis||40||1940||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||18-Apr-43||War Loss|
|Uluc Ali Reis was being built for Turkey at start of
war. Decided to complete and retain in RN. Similar to British S Class.
Completed in April 42. Escorted convoy PQ17 to Murmansk 1942. Left Freetown,
Liberia, 17 April 43 bound for Takoradi under escort from the minesweeper
MM107. During the night submarine and escort lost contact and on the
morning of the 18th the minesweeper sighted what was thought to be a torpedo
track, pass from port to starboard. Contact was gained with P615 and
as there was no evidence of a U-boat in the area the torpedo track was put
down to a porpoise. P615 and MM107 regained visual contact and
the minesweeper took station 300 yards off the submarine’s starboard
quarter. At 0950 the minesweeper sighted the merchant vessel Empire Bruce
and whilst signalling the ship, noticed that P615 was also
signalling, a few minutes later the submarine was seen to explode and sink.
Observers suggest that the submarine had been hit on her starboard side by a
torpedo although no torpedo track had been seen. She had been hit on the
starboard side by a torpedo fired from U-123.
|P711||Archimede||ex X.2, ex-Galileo Galilei||55||01-Aug-34||Italy||01-Jan-46||Scrap|
|Formerly the Italian submarine Galilei. Having
participated in the Spanish Civil War, Galilei was stationed in the
Red Sea in 1940, when her air-conditioning malfunctioned and she was forced
to the surface where she engaged British warships until she was captured
19-Oct-40. Designated X2 and then P711 by the RN, she operated
as a training boat in the East.
|Formerly the Italian submarine Perla, captured in
Mediterranean 1942. Handed over to the Royal Hellenic Navy in 1943 and
served as Matrozos until scrapped in 1954.
|Formerly the Italian submarine Bronzo, captured off
Syracuse 1943. Handed over to the French Navy 1944 and renamed Narval.
|Pandora||P||42P||56||22-Aug-29||Vickers Armstrong||01-Apr-42||War Loss|
|Previously Python. Far East Dec 1930, arriving Hong
Kong Feb 1931. Stayed on China Station until WW2. Based Alexandria 1940-42.
Sank French colonial sloop Rigault de Genouilly off Algiers, July
1940. Employed taking supplies to Malta August 1940. (Magic
Carpet) Survived depth charge attack by Italian torpedo boat Cosnez,
Sept 1940. Sank three Italian transports during 1940-41. Bombed and sunk by
Italian aircraft at Hamilton Wharf, Valetta dockyard, Malta, 1-Apr-42,
shortly after arriving on a supply trip from Gibraltar. Wreck raised 1943.
|Parthian||P||75P||56||22-Jun-29||HMDY Chatham||11-Aug-43||War Loss|
|Known as 'Peanut' - this class had identity letters
on the tower (Parthian being 'PN' - PeaNut.). 20-Jun-40 sank Italian S/M
Diamante off Tobruk. Landed an agent off Crete 20 July 1940. Sank
Carlo Martinolich, 4,200 tons, off Cape Spartivento, Calabria, 31 Dec
40. 25-Jun-41 sank Vichy French S/M Souffleur during British/Free
French campaign to occupy Lebanon and Syria. Adopted by Boston, Lincs 1942.
Refitted in USA end of 41 to March 42. 1942-43 back in Med. Supply runs to
Malta in July, October and November 42, transporting aviation fuel and
ammunition. To gain space, one battery was removed and no spare torpedoes
were carried. Sank several caiques in the Aegean May/June 43. Presumed mined
in Adriatic July/August 1943, having sailed from Malta on 22-July for patrol
west of Greece and southern Adriatic. Ordered to patrol off Otranto on
26-July, but new area given on 28-July. Overdue at Beirut on 11-Aug-43.
Possibly mined off Brindisi, SE tip of Italy or returning to Beirut. (See also Captain Walker. His son Tim, died on her - mk.)
|Perseus||P||36P, N36||56||c.1930||Vickers Armstrong, Barrow||06-Dec-41||War Loss|
|Sunk 7 miles north of Zante (Zakinthos) island, west coast
of Greece in Ionian Sea - by Italian mines. 1 survivor - see story at
British Royal Navy Submarines (Articles). Also see
Wreck of Perseus
|Phoenix||P||96P||50||3_Feb_31||Cammell Laird||16_Jul_40||War Loss|
|LtCdr GN Nowell. Left Malta for Sicilian coast patrol,
July-40. Lost in Med 16-Jul-40, off Augusta, eastern Sicily in Ionian Sea -
by depth charges from Italian torpedo boat 'Albatros'. Attacking
escorted tanker Dora.
|Porpoise||Porpoise||14M||55||11-Mar-33||Vickers Armstrong||16-Jan-45||War Loss|
|Minelayer. Sank the German Uboat U-1 in the North Sea 16 Apr
40. Malta Bus.
(Alex-Malta 9 times). Laid mines off Tobruk which claimed Italian torpedo
boat Cantore 22-Aug-42. Lt Cdr HB Turner RN. Laid mines in eastern
Indian Ocean and Malacca Strait in July 1944 which claimed Japanese 'Special
S/M Chaser No.8 on 9-Sep-44, the tanker Takekun Maru on
10-Sep-44, and 'Special Minelayer No.1 on 27-Mar-45. Sunk Malacca
Strait. Last RN s/m lost WW2. Left Trincomalee 2-Jan-45 to lay mines in
vicinity of Penang. A signal from the submarine confirmed that this had been
successfully carried out, and was the last contact made. Japanese records
show that a submarine was spotted and bombed by aircraft in the vicinity of
Penang. Although not destroyed in this attack, the submarine was wounded and
leaking oil that left a trail for the Japanese anti-submarine forces to
follow as they closed in for the kill.
|Poseidon||P||99P||50||5-May-30||Vickers Armstrong||09-Jun-31||Sunk (not war)|
|Sunk in collision with SS Yuta, 20 miles north of Wei
Hai Wei, China Sea, June 1931. Majority of crew escaped via the conning
tower. Led to the introduction of Escape Compartments.
|Sailed for far East 1930, arriving Hong Kong Feb 1931.
Stayed East until start of war. Based Alexandria 1940-43. Employed taking
supplies to Malta August 1940 and November 1942. Damaged by Italian torpedo
boat Sagittario on the night of 8-Feb-42 (C.O. Lt.Cdr. P S Francis).
Francis thought he saw a U-boat and turned towards in order to attack, but
the target turned out to be Sagittario. The two met head-on, with the
submarine's hydroplane ripping open the port side of the Sagittario.
The collision damaged several rivets in Proteus who had to abandon the
patrol. Both the torpedo boat and the submarine limped away from the area,
honours even. Sank or damaged eleven Italian transports during 1942-43.
Returned UK 1943 and used for training. Scrapped Feb 1946.
|Rainbow||R||16R||50||14-May-30||HMDY Chatham||15-Oct-40||War Loss|
|(Lt Cdr L P Moore+), Far East until 1940, then Med, joining
1st Flotilla at Alexandria 15-Jul-40. Sailed from Alexandria 23-Sep-40 for
patrol off the Gulf of Taranto. Previously presumed to have been sunk by
gunfire and sank with all hands after a 45 minute early morning surface
action 50 miles south of Cape Colonne, SW Italy in Ionian Sea by Italian
submarine Enrico Toti. Recent research ("The Admiralty Regrets" by
Paul Kemp, "Allied Submarine Attacks" by J Rohwer, research by Rastelli and
Bagnasco, and viz the RN Submarine Museum) suggests Rainbow was sunk in
collision/ramming with Italian merchantman Antonietta Costa, and that
the victim of Enrico Toti's gunnery was
which was on patrol in the Ionian Sea around this time having sailed from
|Regent||R||41R||50||11-Nov-30||Vickers Armstrong||18-Apr-43||War Loss|
|Lt.Cdr HC Browne.
More details. Sailed Malta 12-Apr-43 for patrol in southern Adriatic.
Sightings of a submarine on 13th, 15th and 16th off Calabria are thought to
be that of Regent At 1545 on the 18th Regent fired a torpedo
at the merchant ship Balcic but missed. This attack took place five
miles north of Monopoli. That evening a large explosion was heard in the
same area, which is believed to have been the Regent striking a mine.
Failed to reach Beirut on 1-May-43, presumed lost on Italian mines between
these two dates. Also claimed sunk by Italian corvette Gabbiano on
the 16th April.
|Regulus||R||88R||50||7-Dec-30||Vickers Armstrong||Nov/Dec 1940||War Loss|
|Sailed Alexandria, Egypt on 18-Nov-40 for patrol in southern
Adriatic. Presumed mined
around Strait of Otranto area, but possible that she may have been sunk by
Italian aircraft on 26-Nov-40.
|Minelayer. Lt Cdr RH Dewhurst. Laid mines West of Sicily
25-Mar-1941, which claimed two Italian supply ships and Italian torpedo boat
Chinotto. Torpedoes and sinks Italian submarine I31 March 41
off Sicily. More mines laid by Rorqual in Oct 1941 claimed Italian
torpedo boats Aldebaran and Altair. Attacked a tug and
floating battery at head of Adriatic (date?)
|Badly damaged in air attack on Crete 1940 and spent rest of
war waiting for a refit.
|Safari||S3||P211||48||01-Nov-41||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||08-Jan-46||Sunk (not war)|
|Originally named P61. Renumbered P211 July 1941. Named
Safari January 1943. Lt Cdr Ben Bryant. Lt R B Lakin. Successful in Med.
Sunk on way to scrap 8-Jan-46. Currently lies S.E. of Portland, breaking up.
|Saga||S3||P257||48||01-Mar-45||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||1969||Scrap|
|10/2/46: collided with the trawler Girl Lena at night
in the English Channel, sinking the Girl Lena.Transferred to
Portuguese Navy 11/10/48 as Naultilo. Disposal List 1969.
|Sahib||S3||P212||48||1941-42||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||24-Apr-43||War Loss|
|Lt. T.H. Bromage. Sunk German s/m U301 off western
Corsica 21-Jan-43. 24-Apr-43 sunk a transport - Galiolo - off
northeast Sicily and counter-attacked by Italians off Cape Milazzo after
broaching. Fired on by German Ju-88 and attacked by depth charges from
Italian corvette Gabbiano, Climene and other escorts -
possibly Euterpe - including the German Ju.88 aircraft. At about
0545, Sahib came under heavy depth charge attack resulting in the
pressure hull being holed at the aft ends. With no way of repairing the
damage, the order to prepare to abandon ship was given. The submarine
surfaced, meeting a machine gun attack from the waiting aircraft and
escorts. As the crew left the submarine, Sahib was scuttled (c
38-30'N, 15-15'E). One casualty - EA E.G. England, who died 3rd May.
|Salmon||S2||N65, 65S||39||8-Mar-35||Cammell Laird||09-Jul-40||War Loss|
|Lt Cdr J M Money, Lt V J H Van Der Byl, Lt R J Burch, Lt E O
Bickford 6-Aug to 9-Jul-40. 4-Dec-39. (with 3rd SM Flotilla). Torpedoed and
sank U36 500 tons, south-west of Kristiansand in position
57.00N-05.20E. 12-Dec-39. Sighted the German liner Bremen. Surfaced
and in accordance with International Law signalled the liner to stop but no
notice was taken. Salmon then dived when an aircraft appeared but despite
being in a position to fire torpedoes did not do so. 13-Dec-39. Attacked the
cruisers Leipzig and Nurnburg. Leipzig was out of
action for 5 months and Nurnburg for a year. 20 May - 3 June 40.
Operation Lamp. 17 - 27 June. Patrol off Jaederens and an unsuccessful
attack on a convoy. 4 July 40. Departed for patrol off Skudesnes, sw coast
of Norway. She was sent signals on 9th, 11th and 12th July, the final one
ordering a return to harbour. None of these signals was acknowledged. Lost
with all hands. Later it became known that one of the signals routed her
across a minefield which at the time was unknown. There is also a
possibility that she was attacked by aircraft, but mining is the most likely
somewhere in position 57.22N-05.00E.
|Sanguine||S3||P266||48||13-May-45||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||1969||Scrap|
|Became Israeli Rahav in 1958. Broken up at Haifa.
|Saracen||S3||P213, P247||48||27-Jun-42||Cammell Laird||14-Aug-43||War Loss|
|Originally P63, renumbered P213. Renumbered P247 to remove
the unlucky '13'. Sank German s/m U335, while on work-up in North Sea
between Shetlands and Norway, 3-Aug-42, and then Italian s/m Granito
off northwest Sicily, 9-Nov-1942. 7 Aug 42 forced to the surface, off Bastia,
NE coast of Corsica in Tyrrhenian Sea - by depth charges from Italian
corvettes Minerva and Euterpe. Crew abandoned ship but
scuttled the boat.
|Originally P64, renumbered July 1941. Named Jan 43. Sunk
German s/m U987 to the west of Narvik, Norway, on 15-Jun-1944.
Streamlined 1944 - see Seraph. French Saphir 52-61. Broken up
at Charlestown, Fife, 1961.
|Originally P65. Towed
across N.Sea for raid on Tirpitz, September 1943 &
X24 to Bergen
11 Sep 44. Streamlined 1944 - see
Damaged by battery explosion 8 Aug 49, flooded and filled with chlorine gas.
Suspended on salvage wires at 500 feet. LEM CC Anderson re-entered the boat
and connected the ballast pump, giving sufficient buoyancy for the boat to
surface. Scrapped at Gateshead Sep 1949.
|Lt K.S. Renshaw DSC RNR. Eastern Fleet. 4/2/56: damaged in a
collision. 22/11/56: suffers a fire during exercises. Broken up at
|Scotsman||S3||P243, later S143||48||01_Aug_44||Scotts, Greenock||01_Nov_64||Scrap|
|Very interesting post-war trials, with her casing and
battery altered to test different configurations. Streamlined, with most of
the fore casing removed, given A Class motors and U Class diesels. Took a
full day to recharge battery. Later spent a long time looking very similar
to USN 'Guppy' Class. Trials for quieter propellors. Reserve in Gareloch
Misc. Pictures. Sunk for training 1964, Kames Bay, Bute. Salvaged and
scrapped at Troon.
|Lt Cdr C.P. Thode RNVR. Eastern Fleet. Broken up at
|Sea Devil||S2||P244||48||01-Jan-45||Scotts, Greenock||01-Dec-65||Scrap|
|Last operating S Class, 1962. Remained unmodernised.
|Sea Dog||S3||P216||48||01-Jun-42||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Aug-48||Scrap|
|Originally P66. LtCdr A Daniell DSO, DSC./Lt E.A. Hobson
DSC. Rescued three US airmen from a raft in the Bay of Bengal 27-Feb-45.
Shortly afterwards rescued another. Rendezvoused with RAF Catalina to
transfer survivors. Broken up at Troon 1948.
|Seahorse||S1||98S||36||15-Nov-32||HMDY Chatham||07-Jan-40||War Loss|
|Completed in 1933 for service with 5th Flotilla, Portsmouth.
1934 6th Flotilla. 1936 1st Flotilla then 2nd Flotilla. 22 Sep 1938 damaged
in collision with HMS Foxhound. Lt. D.S. Massey Dawson: Sep 1939
attacked by German a/c in the North Sea and later by a RAF Anson. Nov 1939
6th Flotilla patrolling from Blyth. On 26-Dec-1939, sailed from Rosyth for
patrol off the east coast of Denmark. Four days later moved to the entrance
of the Elbe. She did not return on her due date of 9-Jan-1940. It was first
thought that she had been mined but German records, examined after the war,
suggest she was the victim of the German First Minesweeper Flotilla which
reported a sustained depth charge attack on an unidentified submarine
7-Jan-1940. (54.19n, 7.30e.) 39 crew lost
|Sea Nymph||S3||P223||48||01-Jul-42||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Jun-48||Scrap|
|Towing submarine for midget raid on
Kå Fjord, Norway, September 1943. Broken up at Troon.
|Sea Rover||S3||P218||48||01-Feb-43||Scotts, Greenock||01-Oct-49||Scrap|
|Originally P68. Completed by VA Barrow due to bombng at
Scott's. Broken up at Faslane.
|Sea Scout||S3||P253, later S153||48||01-Mar-44||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||14-Dec-65||Scrap|
|(Sir) John Harvey-Jones 1st Lt. in 1944-45. Operated from,
among others, Trincomalee and Perth, carrying out very long distance patrols
in Gulf of Siam and off Malaya. Served another 20 years. Broken up at Briton
Ferry, with Seraph.
|Minelayer. First war patrol in Gulf of Aden. Returned to UK
for patrols in North Sea and convoy-protection in Atlantic. Transferred to
6th Flotilla. 29 Apr 40 sailed for operation DF7 with 50 mines from
Immingham, to lay minefield near the Swedish island of Vinga in the Kattegat,
across German transport route to Norway. Lt Cdr RP Lonsdale. While evading
surface ASW craft, hit mine and forced to sit on bottom until dark. Surfaced
eventually but almost uncontrollable. Aft compartments flooded. Tried to
make for Sweden. One engine started but stern damage caused the boat to
circle. At 0250 4th May 40 attacked by German He-115 aircraft from Aalborg,
Denmark. Spotted by German Ar-196 seaplane, which attacked. Joined by second
'Arado'. Unable to dive, with crew suffering from CO2 poisoning, Seal
put up a fight but the Lewis gun jammed. At 0630 the UJ-128 arrived
on the scene. The crew surrendered, expecting the boat to sink, but it
stayed afloat. 60 crew taken prisoner. Boat towed to Frederikshavn, and on
11 May to Kiel. Commissioned by Germany as UB.A in Nov 1940,
commanded by Fregkpt. Bruno Mahn, a WWI veteran of UB-21. UB.A had
limited value for Germany except for training and propaganda purposes. One
benefit was the analysis of British torpedoes, leading to improved
detonators for the unreliable German toredoes. Decommissioned in July 1941
and scuttled in Heikendorf Bay, Kiel, (54.22N, 10.11E) 3 May 1945. The wreck
was later raised and broken up. See
|Sealion||S2||72S, N72||39||16-Mar-34||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Mar-45||Target|
|Based in Med 1934-39. Home waters at start of war. Fired 6
torpedoes at Uboat U-21 6 Nov 39, but missed. 11-Apr-40 (Lt.Cdr. Ben
Bryant - see also Safari), sank German freighter August Leonhardt.
Sank 3320-ton ship SW of Norway 4 Aug 1940. Transferred to 6th Flotilla,
Blyth, late 1940. 1941 Arctic. Sank two small ships W of Norway 1st and 5th
Feb 1941. Sank small ship N of Norway 5 Dec 41. Acted as marker submarine
for Operation Anklet, raid on Lofoten Islands, Norway Dec 41.
(See details). 1943 A/S training. 3/3/45 scuttled as Asdic target off
Isle of Arran 3/3/45.
|Seawolf||S2||47S||39||28.11.1936||Scotts, Greenock||Nov 45||Scrap|
|1936-39 5th Flotilla, Portsmouth. Aug 1939 joined 2nd
Flotilla, Dundee. Oct 1939 joined 3rd Flotilla. Lt Cdr JW Studholme. Many
undercover ops. esp. off Norway. 18-Apr-1940 sank German transport Hamm
in Skagerrak. Nov 1940 to 5th Flotilla. Nov 1941 operated in Arctic waters,
sank transport Bressheim 22 Nov 41. Feb 1942 joined 3rd Flotilla.
6-Mar-1942 sighted German BB Tirpitz at sea, having sailed from
Trondheim to attack convoy PQ12, sent Enemy Report. Aug 1942 refitted in
USA. Jan 1943 A/S training based on Halifax, Nov Scotia then in Nov 1942 at
Bermuda. July 1944 refit at Philadelphia. Dec 1944 A/S training at Digby.
23-Jun-45 paid off at Halifax, NS. Nov 1945 sold for breaking up in Canada.
|Selene||S3||P254||48||01-Apr-44||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Jun-61||Scrap|
XE5 to cut
Japanese submarine communication cables Saigon-Hong Kong. Converted as high
speed target-vessel 1944 - see
|4/6/47: suffers an explosion. 14/6/52: collision with the
Danish frigate Thetis south of the Isle of Wight. The submarine's
periscope and radar mast are damaged. Broken up at Dunston on Tyne.
|Too late for WW2. Med Fleet '51. Portland 59-61. Scrapped
|Seraph||S3||S189/P219||48||01-Oct-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1-Dec-65||Scrap|
See details - see also Sceptre, Satyr, Statesman,
Solent, Selene and Sleuth. 1963 Paid off. While
awaiting disposal at portsmouth in 1963, various parts, including a
periscope, were removed for incorporation in a monument to be erected at the
Military College of South Carolina, USA, dedicated to British/US cooperation
during WW2. Broke tow on way to scrapping, adrift for 24 hours on 15 Dec
1965. Scrapped Briton Ferry.
|Severn||River||57F||61||12-Jan-35||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Apr-45||Scrap|
|Based Portsmouth 1934-35, Med 35-39, Freetown 1939, Home
1040-41, Med 1941-44. eastern Fleet from 1944. Sank one ship off Norway June
1940, two ships in 1941. Torpedoed and sank Italian submarine Michele
Bianchi west of Gibraltar 7-Aug-41. Supply boat for Greek islands of
Leros and Samos Oct-Nov 1943. Scrapped at Bombay 1946.
|Shakespeare||S3||P221||48||01-Dec-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||14-Jul-46||Scrap|
|Lt D Swanston. Sunk Italian submarine Velella off the
Gulf of Salerno 7 Sept 1943. Sank Japanese merchant Unryu Maru off
Andamans 31-Dec-44. Damaged 3rd January 1945, South East Asia, off Port
Blair area, Andaman Islands, (See
Details) - by gunfire of Japanese merchant ship, and later damaged in
bombing attack. Surfaced to engage the merchantman and damaged by return
fire, unable to dive. Later attacked from the air, 15 crew injured and radio
destroyed. Headed for the patrol area of sister s/m, Stygian, who
radio'd for help and sent engineers to assist repairs. Returned Trincomalee
two days later. Beyond repair.
|Lt W.G. Meeke. Eastern Fleet 11/44 to 7/45 (left Dunoon
11-Aug-44, returned Portsmouth 6-Oct-45). Only one commission. Laid up at
Harwich 1945-50. Scrapped at Troon.
|Shark||S2||54S, N54||39||31-May-34||HMDY Chatham||06-Jul-40||War Loss|
|Portsmouth 1934, Med 35-39. 1939 5th Flotilla, Portsmouth,
then 3rd Flotilla. Lt P.N. Buckley. Fired five torpedoes at a convoy of
German transports, off Norway, 15 April 1940. Missed with all. On
5-July-1940, while on patrol off Skudesnes, south west Norway, Shark
was on the surface when a seaplane was sighted astern. As the submarine
submerged to avoid the aircraft two or three bombs exploded close to the
stern, followed closely by at least two more. The explosions caused
considerable damage. Without steering gear and the hydroplanes jammed hard
to rise, the submarine’s bow broached the surface to be greeted by more
bombs. The submarine began to sink by the stern and all high-pressure air
was used to return her to the surface. Once on the surface Shark got
underway steering on main engines. Being sighted yet again the submarine
came under sustained attack and No. 4 ballast tank was holed. Finally more
aircraft arrived and Shark had no option but to capitulate. At about 0400
three trawlers - M1803, M1806, M1807 - arrived to take Shark under
tow but the submarine was beyond saving, she began to sink at the stern.
Ships company captured. See also
|Sibyl||S3||P217||48||01-Apr-42||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Mar-48||Scrap|
|Special Ops. Sometimes referred to as Sybil(?).
Commanded by Lt. E.J.D. Turner, DSC, sailed 8-Nov-42 for a rendezvous on the
south coast of France. Picked up seven staff officers and officials,
including one woman, of General Giraud's staff. Took them to Algiers on
11-Nov. See also
Seraph. Later in Eastern Fleet (Lt. H.R. Murray).
|Sickle||S3||P74, P224||48||17-Aug-42||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||1944||War Loss|
|Lt. JR Drummond. 11-Jan-1943 - 1st Patrol off north Norway
covering convoy JW52. April 1943 - Arrived Gibraltar. 18-Apr-1943 - 2nd
Patrol. Attacks Italian ship Mauro Croce north of Valencia,
15-May-1943 - Sunk tanker Heroux with one torpedo. Another exploded
against cliff below casino at Monte Carlo. 19-May-1943 - Discovered U-boat
exercise area off Toulon. Sighted 2 U-boats but was unable to attack.
21-May-1943 - Sunk U-303 southbound from Toulon. 18-July-1943 - Sunk
tug Constante Neri. 19-Jul-1943 - Boarded schooner Angiola Marie
C off La Spezia whose crew had abandoned ship on seeing Sickle's
periscope. Removed valuable items and then sunk her with charges.
21-Jul-1943 - Damaged Italian AMC and destroyer escort off Elbe. 19-Nov-1943
- Sunk Giovanni Boccacio, 3150 tons. 4-Jun-1944 - Attacked Mitylene
harbour and was counter-attacked by two patrol craft. One crew member lost
overboard - AB Blake - later picked up and taken prisoner. AB DJ Mackay
injured and taken below, but later died of his injuries. 6-Jun-1944 - Sunk
German m/v Reamur in the Doro Channel with two torpedoes. 12 June
signalled that she had spotted a convoy in the approach to Steno Pass.
14-June was ordered to return from her patrol but was not heard of again.
Presumed sunk by mine in the Antikithera Channel. No survivors. Last British
boat lost in the Med.
|Sidon||S3||P259||48||01_Sep_44||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||16_Jun_55||Sunk (not war)|
|Eastern Fleet. At 0825 on 16-Jun-55, Sidon (Lt. H.T.
Verry) was lying alongside the depot ship Maidstone at Portland when
one of her torpedoes exploded. The torpedoes had no warheads, but did have
the new volatile hydrogen peroxide propellant. The crew had just embarked
the torpedoes before going to sea for trial firings. A sudden uprush of air
and smoke poured through the conning tower hatch. Her captain and others who
were on the bridge, and others from Maidstone, entered the boat to
assist rescue operations. At 0845 the submarine sank without warning by the
bows. There were 56 men onboard at the time - crew, trainees and trials
personnel for the trip. Three officers and ten ratings lost their lives but
the remainder were saved. The wreck was raised on 23-Jun-55 and beached the
next day. The 13 bodies were recovered on 25-Jun-55. A/S target 6/57. Lies a
few miles West of Portland intact and upright. Another explosion of the
hydrogen-peroxide torpedo at Arrochar torpedo range caused the development
of the Mk12 torpedo to be cancelled.
|Simoom||S3||P225||48||Cammell Laird||19-Nov-43||War Loss|
|Originally named P75. Lt. G.D.N. Milner. Sunk Italian
destroyer Gioberti off Spezia northwest Italy, 9 Aug 1943. Sunk in
Med. Sailed from Port Said, Egypt on the 2nd November 43 for the Aegean and
arrived off the Dardanelles on 6th. Failed to answer signal on 19th,
presumed mined and paid off on that date. Germans claimed sunk by U.565
off Kos island - German radio broadcasts stated that a submarine had been
destroyed in the Aegean and that several of the crew had been rescued. It
was unlikely that this was Simoom, as it would have put her miles out
of position. None of the claimed survivors stated that they were from
Simoom. It is more likely that the submarine struck a mine or was lost
through an accident.
|Completed by VA Barrow (Scotts yard bombed). Lt Cdr Peter
Piper DSO DSC&Bar (ex Unsparing) fm Aug 45. 1959 used in experiments
at Rosyth by Naval Construction Research Establishment. Broken up at Boness.
|Sleuth||S3||P261||48||01-Jul-44||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Sep-58||Scrap|
|Assisted Solent in sinking Japanese Special
Minesweeper No.3 in Java Sea 26-Apr-45. Streamlined '46 Converted to
high-speed target-vessel - see Seraph. 13/6/52: collided with the
destroyer HMS Zephyr in heavy fog while leaving Portsmouth harbour,
U.K. The Zephyr suffers flooding in one of its magazines. Broken up
|Snapper||S2||39S, N39||39||14-Jun-35||HMDY Chatham||12-Feb-41||War Loss|
|Portsmouth 1935, Med 36-39. Home 1939. 12-Apr-40. Sank
Moonsund by gunfire in the Skagerrak. 14-Apr-40. Sank the minesweepers,
Behrens and C Jansen in the Kattegat, and possibly damaged a
merchant vessel of 7,500 tons in the Skagerrak. 3-Jul-40. Sank the merchant
ship Cygnus, 1,300 tons. 29-Jan-41. Sailed from the Clyde on her
thirteenth patrol to an area off Ushant, Bay of Biscay, commanded for the
first time by Lt Prowse, in lieu of Lt Commander King DSO, her usual CO, who
was in hospital. Left her escort at Land's End, but not heard from again and
failed to rendezvous on 12-Feb. Possibly went down in German minefield,
though a submarine attacked the German minesweepers M2, M13
and M25 on the night of the 10/11th Feb in the area where she might
have been, and was subjected to a counter-attack in which 56 depth charges
were dropped. She did not return to base - no signals were acknowledged
after this date. This attack is the most likely cause of her loss. There
were no survivors.
|Assisted Sleuth in sinking of Japanese Special
Minesweeper No.3 in Java Sea, 26-Apr-45. Converted to high speed
target-vessel (45-46?). See Seraph.
Brunei to Singapore to attack the cruisers Takao and Myoko.
Scrapped at Faslane.
|Spearfish||S2||69S||39||11-Dec-36||Cammell Laird||01-Aug-40||War Loss|
|Lt. J.H. Eaden 1939 -
More details. Lt.Cdr. J.H. Forbes. Torpedoed Battleship Lützow
4/40 - put it OOA for year. Lost 1/8/40, east of Scotland in North Sea (c
58-00'N, 1-00'E) - by 1 torpedo from German U.34. On patrol between
Scotland and Norway.
|Spirit||S3||P235||48||01-Jul-43||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Jul-50||Scrap|
|Lt. A.W. Langridge. Eastern Fleet. Scrapped at Grays, Essex.
|Originally P77. Commanded by a Canadian, Lt.Cdr. "Freddy"
Sherwood, DSC*, RCNVR, - the first VR to be given a command in WW2 (slightly
pre-dating Edward Young of Storm) - from the time she was built until
she was loaned to the French. Sherwood was also Ben Bryant's 1st Lt. in both
Sealion and Safari. 3rd Flotilla, HMS Forth, Holy Loch for
Work-Up. First war patrol to North Atlantic29-Dec-43 to 12-Jan-44. Returned
to Lerwick, Shetlands, replaced battery and repaired 'singing' screw. Sailed
for Ceylon, arrived April 44. 8th Flotilla, HMS Maidstone. Made two
patrols then transitted to Fremantle. Made three further patrols, totalling
109 days at sea, with little luck. Returned to UK April 1945 for refit. (Ack.
Dave Perkins) Loaned to France as Sirene 52-58.
|Splendid||S3||P228||48||01-Jan-42||HMDY Chatham||21-Apr-43||War Loss|
|Originally P78. Lt I McGeoch (later FOSM). First British SM
with Oerlikon AA gun. Oct-42. Arrived Gibraltar. Nov-42: On Patrol in the
area of Toulon. Made unsuccessful attacks on a U boat and a schooner.
Dec-42: Attacked and sank the MV Sant Antioco, 5,048 tons while on
passage to Algiers. Jan-43: Landed agents in Corsica and later attacked and
sank the steamer Emma. Feb-43: Sank two ships, one being the 4,800
ton XXI Aprile off Cape St Vito. Attacked but missed two ships the
following day. 17-Mar-43, sank the tanker Devoli, 3,177 tons, off
Palermo, and on 21st the tanker Georgio, 4,887 tons. 21-Apr-43: South
of Capri, Tyrrhenian Sea (c 40-30'N, 14-15'E) - Depth charged by the German
destroyer Hermes and forced to the surface. The crew scuttled the
boat and five Officers and 25 Ratings were picked up by the destroyer. 18
men lost. Some casualties were caused by gunfire from the Hermes. Sunk
38,771 tons including Italian DD Aviere, north of Bizerta, and
Italian Ammo ship Santa Antiocha, plus a 10,000-ton tanker.See
|Sportsman||S3||P229||48||17-Apr-42||HMDY Chatham||23-Sep-52||Sunk (not war)|
|Originally P79. Transferred to French Navy and renamed
Sybille 1951. 23-Sep-52 disappeared in the Mediterranean 38 miles east
of Toulon. Diving between Cannes and the island of Porquerolles. Cause of
the loss, which cost 47 lives, still unknown (mid- 1980s).
|Transferred to Israeli Navy and renamed Tanin 1958.
|Lt. P.S. Beale. Eastern Fleet in 1945. Transferred to
Portuguese Navy and renamed Narval 1948. Decommissioned 1969.
|Starfish||S1||19S, N19||36||27-Oct-33||HMDY Chatham||09-Jan-40||War Loss|
|Lt. T.A. Turner. Sailed from Blyth 5-Jan-40. Attacked German
minesweeper 9-Jan-1940, off German North Sea coast in Heligoland Bight -
attack failed due to communication problem. Returned to PD for second attack
but struck by depth charges from German minesweeper M.7. Sat on
bottom until 1815, then returned to the surface, confidential documents
destroyed and s/m scuttled. Ship's company picked up by the waiting ships
and taken as POWs.
|Statesman||S3||P246, N22||48||01-Sep-43||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Jan-61||Scrap|
|Lt. R.G.P. Bulkeley(?). Damaged or sunk 44 vessels in 9
patrols in FE (fm Trincomalee/Fremantle). Streamlined 44-45(?) see Seraph.
Loan France as Sultane 52-59.
|Sterlet||S2||22S, N22||39||6-Apr-38||HMDY Chatham||18-Apr-40||War Loss|
|Portsmouth 1937-40. Lt.Cdr. G.H.S. Haward. On patrol during
German invasion of Norway, attacked convoy of three vessels 12 Apr 40,
missed. Torpedoed gunnery training ship Brummer. 18 Apr 40, sunk in
Kattegat/Skagerrak, by AS vessels 18-Apr-40. (c 58-00'N, 11-00'E) - by depth
charges from German anti-submarine trawlers UJ-1124, UJ-126, UJ-127.
|Stoic||S3||P231||48||01-Apr-43||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Jul-50||Scrap|
|Sank Japanese merchant Shoel Maru in Sunda Strait
10-Dec-44. Deep diving trials 1948, Kyle, Scotland, boat lowered to crush
depth. (532ft)(riveted boat). Supreme and Varne were used for
|Stonehenge||S3||P232||48||15-Jun-43||Cammell Laird||22-Mar-44||War Loss|
|(Lt Cdr Verschoyle-Campbell+), February/March 1944, South
East Asia, Nicobar Islands area - 'overdue, presumed lost'. Sailed from
Trincomalee, Ceylon and arrived in patrol area between northern Sumatra and
Nicobar Islands on 25th February. Overdue on 20th March, cause of loss
unknown; lost with all hands. See also
research by Lesley Hanan
|Storm||S3||P233||48||01-May-43||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Sep-49||Scrap|
|Lt Cdr E Young DSO DSC RNVR, author of 'One of our
Submarines'. (First Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) officer to command a
submarine). Far East 1944-45. Scrapped at Troon.
|Stratagem||S3||P234||48||9-Oct-43||Cammell Laird||22-Nov-44||War Loss|
|(Occasionally referred to as Strategem.) Lt Cdr CR
Pelly RN. Sailed Trincomalee, Ceylon, 10-Nov-44 for patrol in vicinity of
Malacca. Sunk tanker Nichinan Maru on 18-Nov in Malacca Straits. Lost
22-Nov-1944, off SW Malaya in Malacca Straits - by depth charges of Japanese
destroyer, after being detected by aircraft. Bow struck bottom and began
flooding. Unable to shut watertight door. Crew scuttled boat. Some ten men
taken prisoner, of which only three survived captivity.
|Lt J A Troup. Eastern Fleet from 8/44. Sank Japanese cargo
ships Toso Maru No.1 west of Siam on 2-Sep-44 and Manryo Maru
in Malacca Strait 12-Oct-44. Detected on the surface, possibly from radar
transmissions, off Port Swettenham, Malaya 13/1/45. Escorts arrived to
attack. Boat made successful escape but sustained such depth charge damage
that she was rendered unfit for further service. Laid up at Falmouth 6/45.
Scrap Preston 4/46.
|Lt AA Duff (later Sir Anthony, GCMG, CVO, DSO, DSC, having a
distinguished career in the British Foreign Office - Ambassador to Nepal,
High Commissioner to Malaysia and to Kenya, Deputy Under Sec of State 75-8,
Deputy Sec Cabinet Office 80-85 - died 13/8/2000). One of the towing
submarines used in the midget raid on Tirpitz, Kå Fjord, Norway, Sept 1943.
Towed X7 (Lt BCG Place VC) outbound - a floating mine was kicked away
by Lt Place en route! After waiting off Kå Fjord for five days, X10
(Lt KR Hudspeth RANVR) found her and took a tow homeward, though X10
was later scuttled in a gale. -
See Tirpitz raid details. Attacked a convoy 13/2/44 off Trondheim,
Norway, and severely depth-charged. After hydroplane jammed to dive and the
boat dived to 400' before shooting to the surface, in sight of the enemy and
diving again, this time to 540'+ (200' more than test depth). The boat
survived the depth-charge attack and surfaced more than seven hours later
with an estimated bow-up angle of 60-70 degrees. Despite damaged ballast
tanks, destroyed ASDIC and broken rudder, she managed to make her way home.
Home Fleet mobilized to bring her home. Proceeded to Scapa Flow. Joined
Eastern Fleet - Sank Japanese patrol boat No.2, off Surabaya in the
Java Sea 25-Jul-45. Sunk as A/S target off Malta.
|Sturdy||S3||P248||48||01-Sep-43||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-May-58||Scrap|
|Had extra external torpedo tube. Sank 30+ Jap small craft.
(Sir) John Harvey-Jones 3rd Hand. Palembang 24/1/45. 9/7/55: suffers an
explosion. Discarded Malta '57. Broken up on Tyne.
|1933-1939 6th Flotilla except for a short period in the 3rd
Flotilla and a brief stay at Gibraltar in 1935-36. Aug 1939 - Oct 1939 2nd
Flotilla. Damaged in air attack Sep 39. In a similar occurence to the loss
of Oxley, Sturgeon fired three torpedoes at Swordfish
but missed, 14 Sep 39. Nov 1939 6th Flotilla patrolling from Blyth. Lt.
G.D.A. Gregory, DSO. Sunk German A/S trawler V209 in Heligoland
Bight, 20 Nov 1939, then a 3,355-ton German transport off Denmark. April
1941 5th Flotilla at Portsmouth. January 1942 3rd Flotilla based on the
Clyde. Nov 1942 detached to Mediterranean. April 1943 returned to UK for
refit, during which she was transferred to the Netherlands Navy and renamed
Zeehond. Sep 1945 returned to RN at Dundee. 1947 Scrapped at Granton.
|Stygian||S3||P249||48||01-Nov-43||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Oct-49||Scrap|
|Sank Japanese Special Minesweeper No.104 in Java Sea
on 13-Apr-45. Extra external torpedo tube. (13) Towing submarine for XE3's
successful attack on Japanese Cruiser Takao at Singapore.
|Subtle||S3||P251||48||01-Jan-44||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Jun-59||Scrap|
|Lt. B.J.B. Andrew DSC. Eastern Fleet 1945. Extra external
torpedo tube (13).
|Sunfish||S2||81S, N81||48||2-Jul-37||HMDY Chatham||18-Apr-40||War Loss|
|Portsmouth 1937-39, North Sea 39-41. 19 Feb 40 fired four
torpedoes at U-14 - missed. Sank four merchant ships from seven
attacks in one patrol 1940. (Lt.Cdr. J.E. Slaughter). Sank one ship out of
convoy off Norway 5 Dec 40. Damaged by near-miss from 500lb bomb in the Tyne
2 ct 41. Repaired Portsmouth 42-43. Training at Rothesay 43-44. Transferred
to Soviet Navy as V1. Bombed in error by RAF Coastal Command
Liberator off Norway, during passage from Dundee to Murmansk, 27-Jul-44. The
boat was out-of-area and diving when seeing the aircraft, instead of staying
on the surface and firing recognition signals as instructed. Captain was
Russian - Capt 2nd Class Fisanovic. All crew and British liaison staff lost.
|Supreme||S3||P252||48||01-Feb-44||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Jul-50||Scrap|
|Deep diving tests, lowered to crush depth off Scotland June
1949. (Crushed at 647ft)(welded boat)(See 'Stoic'). Scrapped at Troon.
|Surf||S3||P239||48||01-Dec-42||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Oct-49||Scrap|
|Originally P89. Scrapped at Faslane.
|Swordfish||S1||61S, N61||36||10-Nov-31||HMDY Chatham||16-Nov-40||War Loss|
|Lt Cecil Crouch 1939, Lt J Cowell 7 Apr 1940. April 40
joined 6th Flotilla, Blyth. 26 July 1940, attacks and sinks German torpedo
boat Luchs, escorting the damaged Gneisenau, (previously hit
by Clyde). 1 Oct 40 attacked four destroyers off Cape Barfleur
without success. Attacked an 8 ship convoy Oct 40, claimed one hit. Sailed
Portsmouth 7 Nov 40 for Brest patrol, commanded by Lt. M.A. Langley DSC.
Failed to signal back on 15th and 16th, and not heard from again. At the
time she was declared 'overdue, presumed lost' and believed sunk in the Bay
of Biscay either on mines or at the hands of German destroyers. Her wreck
was discovered in July 1983 a few miles south of St Catherine's Point off
the Isle of Wight. She had been mined with the loss of all hands, probably
on the day she left.
|Syrtis||S3||P241||48||23-Apr-43||Cammell Laird||28-Mar-44||War Loss|
|Lt M.H. Jupp - Towing submarine for midget raid on
Tirpitz, Kå Fjord, Norway, September 1943. 7-Feb-44 towing X22 in
gale force seas, her officer of the watch was washed overboard. Boat turned
around in a rescue attempt and collided with X22, sinking her with
the loss of the four crew. Left Lerwick on 16 Mar 44 for patrol off
Norwegian coast. On 20 Mar she was ordered to an area near Bodø, northern
Norway in Norwegian Sea - by German mines. Sank small ship Narvik by
gunfire on 22-March and later lost in flanking minefields.
|Tabard||T3||P342, S42||61||21_Nov_45||Scotts, Greenock||01_Mar_74||Scrap|
|Too late for war. Reconstructed 53-55 - lengthened by 20
feet. Very streamlined, and quiet, with large fin incorporating bridge,
recording over 18 knots dived. 4thSM Sydney 60-66. In collision with HMAS
Queenborough 8.5.63, off Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia, during
exercises. The submarine suffers superficial damage and a bent fin and
returns to Sydney. Static training boat at Dolphin 1969-74, until
replaced by Alliance.
|Taciturn||T3||P334, later S34||61||07-Jun-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Aug-71||Scrap|
|Operated in the Atlantic before transfer to Pacific Fleet.
Converted and streamlined 1950-51. 1951 3rd SM Flotilla, 20-Sep-57: collided
with a merchant ship during exercises off Brighton, U.K., in the English
Channel. No damage is reported. 1960 2nd SM Flotilla at Portsmouth. Late
1962 to Australian waters. 22-Aug-66 left Sydney to return UK. 8-Aug-71
arrived Briton Ferry for breaking up.
|Tactician||T3||P314||61||01-Jun-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Dec-63||Scrap|
|Lt Cdr Collet.
|Taku||T1||38T||56||01-May-39||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||01-Nov-46||Scrap|
|Lt A Pitt. Broken up at Llanelly.
|Talent (i)||T3||P322||61||01-Jul-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jul-63||Scrap|
|Transferred to Netherlands 1943 as Zwaardvisch, then
Zwaardvis, 1944. Scrapped Antwerp.
|Talent (iii)||T3||P337||61||01-Feb-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-70||Scrap|
|Originally Tasman. Gravity test for Royal Society
4/50, laying the foundations for the Ships Inertial Navigation System (SINS)
used in later nuclear boats. 15-Dec-54 swept out of drydock Chatham, 4 lost.
Reconstructed '55. Damaged in collision while dived off Isle of Wight,
8-May-56. Visited by 33,000 people during a month-long publicity trip around
the south and east coasts of England, October 1960. Paid off 1966. Broken up
|Talisman||T1||78T||56||29-Jun-40||Cammell Laird||18-Sep-42||War Loss|
|Lt.Cdr. M. Willmott. Left Gibraltar on 10-Sep-1942 with
stores for Malta. Reported U-boat off Philippeville, Algeria on 15th, but
not heard from again. Presumed lost on Italian mines in Strait of Sicily on
17th. Also claimed sunk by surface ships off Marittimo island, west of
Sicily; lost with all hands.
|Tally-Ho||T3||P317, P97||61||01-Dec-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-67||Scrap|
|Lt.Cdr, later Cdr., L.W.A. Bennington DSO DSC (previously of
Parthian) Sank Japanese light cruiser Kuma off Penang 11 Jan
44. Torpedoed and sank German SM UIT23 (ex-Italian Reginaldo
Guiliano) 14 Feb 44. On 24-Feb-44 came together with Japanese escort,
after being caught on surface charging battery. Returned to Colombo for
Details. Sank Japanese S/M Chaser No.5 in Malacca Strait on
6-Oct-44 and Japanese 'Special Minelayer No.4' on 20-Nov-44 off
Nicobar Islands. First T Class to make Atlantic crossing submerged. Broken
up at Briton Ferry 1967.
|Tantalus||T3||P318, P98||61||01-Feb-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Nov-50||Scrap|
|(Lt.Cdr. Hugh 'Rufus' Mackenzie). Sank Japanese merchant
Hachijin Maru, 1,918 tons in South China Sea on 2-Nov-44. Carried out
the longest patrol by a British s/m in WW2 - 55 days from 3-Jan-45 to
26-Feb-45, covering 11,692 miles. AirSea Rescue SM, Palembang 24-Jan-45. CO
requested 10 day extension and then on 11 Feb sighted Japanese battleships
Ise and Hyuga trying to escape back to Japan. Tried to get
ahead of them but Tantalus was unable to attack as she was bombed by
air escort and forced deep. Broken up at Milford Haven.
|Tantivy||T3||P319||61||6-Apr-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1951||Target|
|Sank Japanese merchant Shiretoko Maru, 1,799 tons, in Sunda
Strait 5-Sep-44. Sunk as an anti-submarine target in the Cromarty Firth.
|Tapir||T3||P335, later S35||61||01-Aug-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-66||Scrap|
|Lt J Roxburgh.(later FOSM). Sank German s/m U486 off
Bergen, Norway, 12-Apr-45. Loaned RNLN 48-53, commissioned as Zeehond.
Returned to UK for modernisation to 'streamlined T'. Feb 1968 Broken up at
|Tarn||T3||P336||61||01-Aug-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-66||Scrap|
|Sold to RNLN 1945. Commissioned as Tijgerhaai. 1966
|Tarpon||T1||17T||56||8-Mar-40||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||14-Apr-40||War Loss|
|Lt.Cdr. H.J. Caldwell. Left Portsmouth for Rosyth 5-Apr-40,
in company with HMS/M Severn. Diverted to patrol around Norway on
6th. Attacked Q-ship Schiff40 10-Apr, but missed with two torpedoes.
Schiff40, assisted by German M'Swpr M6, dropped depth charges
for about four hours.
|Taurus||T3||P339, P93, P313||61||01-Jun-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Apr-60||Scrap|
|Originally P313 but crew mutinied! (unlucky 13). Sunk
Jap s/m I-34 and a sub-chaser off Penang, 13/11/43 -
Loaned RNLN 48-53, named Dolfijn. 8-Dec-53 returned to RN. April 1960
Sold to Clayton and Davie Ltd and arrived Dunston-on-Tyne to be broken up.
|Telemachus||T3||P321||61||01-Jun-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Aug-61||Scrap|
|Commander W.D.A. (Bill) King, DSO DSC RN. Eastern Fleet from
Feb 1944. Sunk Japanese s/m I-166 in Malacca Strait 17-Jul-1944.
Reinforced British agents in Malaya, Oct-44. 10 yrs with 4th SM Sqn,
Australia. Returned Gosport 9 Dec 59. Given to the Naval Construction
Research Establishment at Rosyth for trials. Broken up Aug 1961 at
|Tempest||T2||N86||61||6-Dec-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||13-Feb-42||War Loss|
|Lt.Cdr. W. Cavaye. Sunk in Med - Gulf of Taranto, in
Ionian Sea (c 39-15'N, 17-45'E) - by depth charges and gunfire of Italian
torpedo boat Circe. Located by anti-submarine patrol after torpedoing
supply ship. Tempest sailed from Malta on the night of 10-Feb-42 to
patrol the Gulf of Taranto. On the evening of the 11th Tempest was
signalled that the Italians were aware of a submarine in her vicinity and
that it should be assumed that her patrol had been compromised. At 0302 on
the 13th the Italian destroyer Circe sighted the submarine on the
surface. Tempest had also seen the destroyer and began to dive.
Circe moved in to attack and at 0332 began depth charging the area. At
0716 Circe began a second attack resulting in oil being seen on the
surface. At 0945 Tempest returned to the surface to be met with
gunfire from the Circe. The order was given to abandon the submarine,
the crew being picked-up by the destroyer. The Italians attempted to board
the abandoned vessel but were held back by rough seas. By 1300 the submarine
had settled in the water and the demolition charges set by the Tempest’s
crew had failed. With boarding of the submarine impossible due to bad
weather, the Italian destroyer opened fire and although more than a dozen
direct hits were recorded the submarine refused to sink. Finally the
Italians attempted to take the submarine in tow. Two members of the
destroyer’s crew boarded the submarine and prepared the tow. As Circe
manoeuvred to take up the tow Tempest suddenly started to sink
forcing those onboard to jump into the sea. Tempest went down stern
first with the bows disappearing vertically. Telegraphist Bob Appleton
survives, and lives in Australia, a spritely 85, in 2007. (mk). See also
|Templar||T3||P316, P96||61||01-Oct-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jul-59||Scrap|
|Lt. D.J.B. Beckley. 25 Jan 1944 damaged Japanese light
cruiser Kitakami, off Penang, Malacca Strait. Sunk as Target in Loch
Striven, Scotland,1954. Salvaged 4-Dec-58 . 19-July-59 arrived Troon to be
|Teredo||T3||P338, S38||61||01-Apr-45||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||05-Jun-65||Scrap|
|Broken up at Briton Ferry.
|Terrapin||T3||P323||61||22-Nov-44||Vickers Armstrong||1945||War Loss|
|Assisted Trenchant in sinking of Japanese S/M Chaser
No.5 in Malacca Strait, 4-Mar-45. Damaged 19-May-45, west of Batavia,
Java in Java Sea - by depth charges of Japanese escort vessels. Attacking
escorted tanker. Escaped and returned to Fremantle, shepherded by US s/m
Cavalla. Not repaired.
|Tetrarch||T1||77T||56||15-Feb-40||Vickers Armstrong||27-Oct-41||War Loss|
|LtCdr RG Mills. Forced deep 43 hrs 4/40.
(see details). Lt.Cdr. J.H. Greenway. Sailed from Malta 26-Oct-41 for
refit in Britain, via Gibraltar. Failed to arrive in Gibraltar on 2nd
November. Presumed lost on Italian mines in Strait of Sicily 27-Oct, off
Capo Granditola, Sicily. Lost with all hands.
|Thames||River||71F||60||26-Jan-32||Vickers_Armstrong Barrow||3-Aug-40||War Loss|
|Portsmouth 1932-34, sent to Baltic 1933 to test capacity to
work in ice-covered areas. Med 34-39, completed journey around Africa Winter
38-39. Lt.Cdr. W.D. Dunkerley. Sailed Dundee on first war patrol on
22-July-40. 26/7/40 Torpedoed and sunk German Torpedo boat Luchs W of
Skagerrak. Luchs was part of screen for the Gneisenau and
Nurnberg, which is believed to have been Thames' original target,
and Luchs manoeuvred between the s/m and the battle cruiser just as
the former fired her torpedoes. There remains a possibility that Thames
was damaged due to her resulting unexpected proximity with Luchs.
Failed to return on 3-Aug-40. May also have gone down 23-Jul-40 in
newly-laid German minefield at approximately 57N, 3E; Thames achieved
22.5kts on trials.
|Thermopylae||T3||P355, later S55||61||27-Jun-45||HMDY Chatham||3-Jul-70||Scrap|
|Too late for war. 1951-52
reconstructed and streamlined. 63-64 based Malta. Scuttled in Loch
Striven, Scotland, and raised as a training exercise for salvage craft.
Afterwards beached in Kames Bay. Arrived at Troon, under tow, 3 July 1970.
|Thistle||T1||24T||56||4-Jul-39||Vickers Armstrong||10-Apr-40||War Loss|
|Lt.Cdr. W.F. Haselfoot RN. In the belief that a German
invasion of Norway was imminent, Flag Officer Submarines ordered Thistle
to Stavanger with orders to sink any enemy vessel that she may spot in the
harbour. On 10-April Thistle signalled her intentions in complying
with this order and that she had two torpedoes remaining after an
unsuccessful attack on a U-boat. With this in mind the Admiralty changed her
orders to patrol off Skudenes. No further contact was made with the
Thistle. It was later discovered that U4, the U-boat Thistle
had previously attacked, had sighted the submarine on the surface and sunk
her with torpedoes.
|Thorn||T2||N11||61||26-Aug-41||Cammell Laird||14-Aug-42||War Loss|
|Lt.Cdr. R.G. Norfolk. Sunk Italian s/m Medusa
30-Jan-1942 in Gulf of Venice. Attacked a tanker off suthwest Crete
6-Aug-42. On the 14th April encountered the Italian torpedo boat, Pegaso,
escorting the steamer/tanker Istria 30 miles from Gavdos(Gaudhos)
Island off SW Crete. At 1230 an escorting aircraft was seen to machine-gun
the surface of the sea and Pegaso moved in to investigate. Four
minutes after the aircraft attack, Pegaso picked up a contact and
carried out seven attacks after which cantact was lost. There is also a
possibility that she was later lost on mines off Tobruk, Libya.
|Thorough||T3||P324||61||01-Oct-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||29-Jun-61||Scrap|
|Sank Japanese merchant Nittei Maru on 25-May-45 in
Java Sea. 10/11/51 damaged in a collision. First submarine to circumnavigate
the globe, returning to Gosport 16 Dec 57. Broken up at Dunston on Tyne.
|2xVCs (Bomb removal) Lt PS Roberts, PO TW Gould 13/14/Jan
(Details here). Towing submarine for midget raid on
Kå fjord, Norway, September 1943. Eastern Fleet 44-45 (Lt.Cdr. Ainslie DSO
|Thule||T3||P320, S25||61||01-Oct-42||HMDY Devonport||14-Sep-62||Scrap|
|Lt.Cdr. Alastair Mars, DSO, DSC*. (Author of book 'Thule
Intercepts' and others) Conducted air-conditioning trials in Kilbrennan
Sound 1944, then proceeded to Trincomalee. Operated mainly in Malacca
Strait, sinking many sampans and junks. Dec-44 Sunk a Japanese RO-100 class
submarine. Feb-45 reinforced military personnel and equipment at point just
North of Singapore. Returned May-45. Operated from May 45 from Fremantle
where she was holed by Stubborn when berthing alongside. Returned
Chatham, UK, Dec 45. After refit, including streamlining, commissioned into
5th Flotilla at Portsmouth, then Portland. On Nov 18 1960 was damaged around
her fore-ends when, during exercises in the channel, she surfaced under the
RFA Black Ranger - reportedly signalling to the tanker when safely on
the surface "Thules rush in where Rangers fear to tread!". Broken up at
|Thunderbolt (ex-Thetis)||T3||11T||61||01_Oct_42||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||14_Mar_43||War Loss|
|Lt Cdr Cecil Crouch. Sank Italian s/m Capitano Tarantini,
Bay of Biscay 15/12/40. At 2210 on Friday 12-March-1942 the Italian merchant
ship Esterel was torpedoed two miles north of Capo San Vito.
Following the attack the torpedo boat Libra was ordered to seek out
the submarine responsible - Thunderbolt. The Libra made
contact with the Thunderbolt that night and carried out seven depth
charge attacks with no result. On Sunday 14-March the Italian corvette
Cicogna obtained a contact and shortly after 0734 a periscope was
sighted 2000 yards off the corvette’s bow. At 0845 the periscope was again
sighted, this time less than 10 feet away. Depth charges were launched at
once and the corvette increased its speed and turned for another attack when
an explosion lifted the submarine’s stern out of the sea at an angle of 90
degrees. The submarine sank through a discharge of air and oil. A further
two depth charges were dropped resulting in air bubbles, oil and smoke
appearing on the surface where the submarine had sunk. The Cicogna
remained on station for an hour but no further contact was made. (c 38-15'N,
|Tigris||T1||63T||56||20-Jun-40||HMDY Chatham||27-Feb-43||War Loss|
|(Lt Cdr George Colvin+) Sunk Italian s/m Porfido
north of Bone, Mediterranean, 6-Dec-1942. February/March 1943, left Malta on
18-Feb-43 to patrol SW of Naples. May have been sighted off Capri on 24-Feb.
Failed to return to Algiers on the 10th. Italian aircraft reported probable
mine explosion off the Gulf of Tunis on the 10th that could have been
Tigris returning from patrol. Germans claim she was sunk by submarine
chaser UJ.2210 on the 27th February; lost with all hands.
|Tiptoe||T3||P332||61||01-Feb-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Apr-71||Scrap|
|Named by Churchill! Sank Japanese merchant Tobi Maru
in Java Sea 1-Jun-45. Escape trials '62 - series of trials off Malta into
escape from a submarine at extreme depths - seven men ascended from
Tiptoe at 260 feet. 10/1/64: runs aground in the Clyde, coincidentally
right in front of the house of the area's senior naval officer. Damaged in
Collision with HMS Yarmouth 13 July 1965 - at periscope depth 10
miles SE of Portland Bill. Repaired at Cammell Laird. Starred in the film
"We Dive at Dawn", co-starring John Mills. Last T class in sea service. Her
anchor is at Blyth, commemorating Blyth's links with submarines. Scrapped
(finally) by Pounds, Portsmouth 1979.
|Tireless||T3||P327, later S77||61||01-Mar-43||HMDY Portsmouth||01-Nov-48||Scrap|
|Completed April 1945, no war action. 1949 1st SM Flotilla,
Mediterranean. 1950 modernised and streamlined. Broken up at Newport.
|Token||T3||P328, later S28||61||19-Mar-43||HMDY Portsmouth||1970||Scrap|
|Not completed until after war (Dec '45). 1955-56 modernised
and streamlined. In 1967, towed Danish merchant ship Upnor clear of
Dubh Artack reef off west coast of Scotland. After 12 hours, Token
handed over to tug Labrador. Last dive at Portland 8-Sep-67. Sold to
Portsmouth shipbreakers 1970.
|Cdr Tony Miers VC DSO. Exploits of first commission recorded
in the book Submarine Torbay by Paul Chapman (1st Lt). 5 July 1941
sank Italian s/m Jantina in Aegean Sea. Also sank Italian s/m
Argonauta and much more.
See details. Later in Eastern Fleet (Lt.Cdr. C.P. Norman DSO)
|Totem||T3||P352, S52||61||01-Sep-43||HMDY Devonport||01-Jan-68||Loss (not war)|
|January 45, went straight to Pacific Fleet. Rebuilt 52-53
with streamlining and conversion, with additional 12 feet. Sold Israel 1964,
refitted 1965-66, renamed Dakar. Lost on passage, 26-Jan-68, all
hands lost. (Without its Totem pole, a souvenir presented by a Canadian
Indian tribe - the pole is now in the RN Submarine Museum). Rediscovered
1999 between Crete and Cyprus.
|Successful in Far East. Sank Japanese merchant Junyo Maru,
5,065 tons west of Sumatra, 18-Sep-44. The Junyo Maru, built in
Glasgow by the shipbuilders, Robert Duncan & Co., was en route from Java to
Sumatra. On board were 1,377 Dutch, 64 British and Australian Prisoners of
War and a few dozen American merchant seamen. Also on board were 4,200
Javanese slave labourers bound for work on the 220 km. long railway line
being built between Pakan Baru and Muaro in Sumatra. The death toll amounted
to 5,620 dead, the world's greatest sea disaster at that time. A total of
723 survivors were rescued by Japanese ships, only to be employed on the
building of the railway. Many did not survive the war. Of the 100+ Dutch
survivors, 10 died on the railway. The submarine commander could not have
known that the ship carried such a cargo. Sank Nanshin Maru in China
Sea, 11-Feb-45 and tanker Takasago Maru in China Sea 29-Apr-45. Also laid
mines which claimed merchant Kyokku Maru of Mergui, 1-Jan-45.
Converted to acoustic trials submarine. All armament removed or blanked
off with the exception of two torpedo tubes. Given a reduced and faired
bridge structure. British ASDIC suite replaced by German BALKON passive
hydrophone in the keel, and a Nieblung transducer in a fairing fwd of
conning tower. Broken up at Charlestown, Fife.
|Sunk, presumably mined, in Gulf of Taranto. Left Malta
28/11/42 for Gulf of Taranto patrol, including reconnoitre of Taranto
Chariot human torpedo attack (Operation Portcullis). Overdue on 8th
December and presumed lost on Italian mines possibly on the 4/12/42 in her
patrol area. Went down with all hands.
|Cdr AR Hezlet DSO DSC. Sank U859 off Penang 23/9/44.
Assisted Terrapin in sinking of S/M Chaser No.5 in Malacca
Strait 4-Mar-45. Sank Jap cruiser Ashigara, Banka Strait '8/6/45, hit
with five (Mk8) torpedoes but needed another two to finish her off. (See
details), sank Minesweeper No.105 in Java Sea 25-May-45. Launched
for raid on Phuket Harbour on 28-Oct-44, sinking the Sumatra Maru,
4,859 tons. Laid mines 16-Sep-44 which claimed Japanese tanker Hozan Maru
and merchant Nikkaku Maru, east of Sumatra, on 23-Jan-45. 14/6/50
suffers an explosion.
|Trespasser||T3||P312, P92||61||29-May-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Sep-61||Scrap|
|Operated in Far East from 1944. First submarine I boarded -
at Portsmouth Navy Days (1960?). Broken up at Gateshead.
|Triad||T1||53T||56||16-Sep-39||Vickers Armstrong||20-Oct-40||War Loss|
|(R.D.C.P. Jonas DSC, Cdr. E.R.J.Oddie DSC, Lt Cdr G S Salt
DSC), 14-Oct-39 to 15-Nov-39, First uneventful patrol. 18-Nov-39 to
4-Dec-39. On second patrol off The Naze, Norway, damaged a hydroplane shaft
and had to be towed to Stavanger for repairs. Only 48 hours was allowed in
the (then) neutral port but the work was carried out within the time and she
returned to Rosyth. 16-Dec-39 to 28-Mar-40. Carried out 4 uneventful patrols
in North Sea. 8-20 April 1940. Patrol area off the entrance to Oslo Fjord,
during which, on the 11th she sank the merchant ship Ionia 3,012 tons
in the Skagerrak, and on the 20th she sank a second ship of 4,400 tons.
27-Jun40 to 13-Jul-40. Attacked a suspected 'Q' ship, a Swedish steamer and
was counter-attacked. 27-Jul to 4-Aug-40. Attacked a U-boat with gunfire
without success, neither boat was able to attack the other with torpedoes.
29-Aug to 6-Sep-40. After a short refit at Dundee, joined 1st SM Flotilla at
Gibraltar. 11-Sep to 2-Oct-40. Patrol area, north Tyrrhennian Sea. 9-Oct to
20-Oct-40. This patrol, which was to be her last, was off the coast of Libya
and she was then to proceed to Alexandria. (Possibly) Became the first 'T'
class sunk in Med 38'16N-17'37E - 'overdue, presumed lost'. Recent research
suggests Triad was sunk by the gunfire of Italian submarine Enrico
Toti on the 15th October rather than Rainbow as was believed for
many years. It also suggests her patrol area was off the coast of Calabria
in the Ionian Sea and not Libya. However, taking the original patrol areas,
the more likely victim was
|Lt Cdr Peter Piper DSO DSC&Bar, (ex Unsparing).
Broken up at Milford Haven.
|Trident||T1||52T||56||01-Dec-38||Cammell Laird Birkenhead||17-Feb-46||Scrap|
|Sank German U-201 in Sørøysund, Norway, 27 Sep 41. On
patrol off Trondheim, Norway, Feb 1942, torpedoed and damaged German heavy
cruiser Prinz Eugen.(See
more details). Later in Eastern Fleet (Lt. A.R. Profit DSC), from August
1943, but returned to UK for repairs after only one patrol. Broken up at
|Triton||T1||15T, N15||56||9-Nov-38||Vickers Armstrong||18-Dec-40||War Loss|
|First of T class. Accidentally sunk HMS/M Oxley off
Obrestad, Norway, 10-Sep-39. Oxley did not answer identification
signals and was presumed a U-boat. Lt. G.C.I.St.B. Watkins.
More details. Sank German steamers Friedenau, Weibert and
patrol vessel Rau in Kattegat 10 Apr 1940. Claimed the sinking of
Italian 8000-ton supply vessel at anchor off Savona, not confirmed. Left
Malta 28/11/40 for southern Adriatic. On 6-Dec, an SOS from Italian merchant
Olimpia was intercepted. Triton set off to intercept her and
may have made a successful attack, before meeting a counter-attack from
Italian torpedo boats. Overdue on 18th December and probably mined in the
Strait of Otranto. Italians claim she was sunk by torpedo boat Confienza
on the 18th, but possibly by Italian MTB Clio. Lost with all hands.
|Triumph||T1||18T, N18||56||2-May-39||Vickers Armstrong||20-Jan-42||War Loss|
|Lt Cdr McCoy -
Triumph 1939 and picture. Sank Italian s/m Salpa 27 June 1941 off
Egyptian coast. 26 Aug 1941, torpedoed and damaged Italian heavy cruiser
Bolzano north of Sicily. (Lt. J.S. Huddart) Sailed from Alexandria on 26
Dec 1941 to land party near Athens before patrol in the Aegean Sea. Reported
making the landing on 30th, but failed to rendezvous back on 9th January.
Probably lost on Italian mines off Milo island, SE of Greece with all hands.
|Trooper||T2||N91||61||29-Aug-42||Scotts, Greenock||17-Oct-43||War Loss|
|Fitted to operate 3 human torpedoes (Chariots). (Details
and picture). 29-July-1943 sunk Italian submarine Pietro Micca at
entrance to Adriatic - Strait of Otranto. Sailed Beirut 26-Sep-43 for patrol
in the Dodecanese islands of the Aegean Sea, including the Leros area.
Failed to return on 17th October and presumed lost on German mines around
Leros. Germans claim that Trooper was sunk by Q-ship GA.45 off
Kos island on 14-Oct-43; lost with all hands.
|Truant||T1||68T, N68||56||01-May-39||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||09-Dec-46||Loss (not war)|
|Lt Cdr CH Hutchinson. Sunk 2,139-ton ship Edmund Hugo
Stinnes 23-Mar-40. Torpedoed and sank German cruiser Karlsruhe
(See details). Sank Preussen, 8,230-tons 23-May-40. Sank
Sebastiano Bianchi, 1.546-tons off Calabrian coast 13-Dec-40. Refitted
in USA May 41. On return passage (to Gibraltar) Truant (Lt.Cdr. H.A.V.
Haggard) came across and stopped the Norwegian motor vessel Tropic Sea,
heading for Bordeaux. It was discovered that the ship was under the command
of a German prize crew and that it was carrying the captured survivors of
the crew of the British SS Haxby which had been captured by the
German auxiliary cruiser Orion in 31 30N 51 30W on 24.4.40. There
were 17 killed and 24 pow, later rescued from SS Tropic Sea. The
belonged to Ropner & Co Ltd, Ropner Shipping Co Ltd, launched in 1929, 5207
grt. The Tropic Sea was scuttled and the British crew, including the
Haxby's Captain and his wife, (possibly the first woman to sail in a
British submarine on a war patrol) were taken to Gibraltar. The German prize
crew eventually reached Spain and were quickly repatriated.. 11-Dec-1941
sank the Italian torpedo boat Alcione north of Crete. Later went to
the Eastern Fleet from 3-Jan-42, heading for Singapore, which fell before it
reached there. Operated for a time, with Trusty, from Surabaya with
Dutch and American submarines, but was forced back to Ceylon in March 1942.
Sank 77,000 tons of shipping, in all theatres of war. First British s/m
fitted with snort, 1945. Sank at Cherbourg on way to scrap in 1946.
|Truculent||T3||P315||61||01-Sep-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||12-Jan-50||Sunk (not war)|
Sinks German s/m U308 north of the Faeroe Islands
4-June-1943. Towing submarine for midget raid on Tirpitz, Kå fjord, Norway,
September 1943. (Lt. C.P. Bowers) Collision in Thames Estuary 12/1/50, with
MV Divina. Truculent was returning to Sheerness from refit in Chatham.
57 crew swept away in current, after a premature escape attempt. 15
survivors - 10 by a boat from Divina, 5 by Dutch ship Almdijk.
Salvaged 14 March 1950 - using ex-German lifting vessels Energie and
Ausdauer. Beached at Cheney Spit. Wreck moved inshore following day,
where 10 bodies were recovered. Re-floated 23rd and towed into Sheerness
Dockyard. An inquiry attributed 75% of the blame to Truculent and 25%
to Divina. The loss led to the introduction of the 'Truculent light',
an extra steaming light at the after end of the fin, on British submarines.
Following is added by me, Mike Kemble, from info received, see my main
British subs page.
Truculent was sunk at approx 51 degrees,
31 mins north, 1 degree 5 mins east which puts her in a
region known as the Oaze Deep to the north of Whitstable.
Admiralty Statement: "On
the evening of 12th January 1950 HMS Truculent was proceeding on the
surface from the submarine exercise area to Sheerness on completion of
Dockyard trials, for which a party of Chatham dockyard officers and men
were also on board. The SS Divina, with a Trinity House pilot on board,
was on passage from the Port of London to Ipswich and at the time of the
collision, shortly after 7pm, was in the vicinity of the West Oaze Buoy, a
narrow part of the Thames estuary. for some time before the impact each
vessel had the lights of the other in sight....". The
subsequent Board of Enquiry report states that: (The submarine) entered
the Thames Estuary through Princes Channel, thence passing between Red
Sand Sheal and Shivering Sand Fort on course 280 degrees Her speed was
about 9 knots through the water. In Oaze Deep, course was altered to 261
degrees. The collision occurred with SS Divina in position one mile
bearing 287 degrees from Red Sand Tower.
|Trump||T3||P333/S33||61||01-Mar-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Aug-71||Scrap|
|No active war service. Reconstructed 1956. 4th SM, Sydney,
1961-69. Broken up Newport.
|No active war service. Converted in 1952, additional 20 feet
in length, and used the US 'JT' sonar fitted the the fwd hatch. 1968 Handed
over to Israeli Navy at Gosport to replace the Dakar (ex-Totem) which
had been lost at sea. Re-named Dolphin. 31-Jan-68 Arrived Israel.
|Trusty||T2||N45||61||01-Mar-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jan-47||Scrap|
|Sailed from the Med 26-Dec-41 and arrived at Singapore on
31-Jan-42. Went to Surabaya at the fall of Singapore and operated with
Truant and Dutch and American submarines. Forced back to Ceylon, arriving
there in March 1942. (SubLt.) John Harvey-Jones (later of ICI) 4th Hand.
|Based Far East 44-45, Trincomalee/Fremantle, carrying out 7
war patrols. 14 small craft sunk, also carried out minelaying and 'special'
missions, landing agents in Malaya. 1946, made available to scientists
engaged in exploring sea bed, mainly off West coast of UK. Streamlined in
the 1950s. Broken up Faslane 1963.
Frankton (Cockleshell Heroes), Dec 42. Sank German s/m U644
northwest of Narvik 7-Apr-43.
|Turbulent||T2||N98||61||2-Dec-41||Vickers Armstrong||23-Mar-43||War Loss|
|Cdr John 'Tubby' Linton VC DSO DSC. Sank 100,000 tons in
More details. 29th May 1942 sinks three transports and torpedoes and
sinks escorting Italian destroyer Pessagno northwest of Benghazi.
Sailed from Algiers on 23-Feb-43. Attacked escorted ship Vincenz on
1-March. On 11-Mar-1943 attacked mail ship Mafalda. Lost off
Maddalena, NE Sardinia in Tyrrhenian Sea - by depth charges of Italian MAS (MTB)
escorts. Also possibly mined in the same area; lost with all hands. Linton's
VC was not 'gazetted' until May 43.
|Turpin||T2||P354, S54||61||5-Aug-44||HMDY Portsmouth||1978||Scrap|
|For the second time in 7 years Lady Tovey, wife of Admiral
of the Fleet Lord Tovey, named the Turpin. Having done it at her
launch, she was also present on 17-Sep-51 at Chatham after a reconstruction.
In 1958, having developed engine trouble, she was towed home from Kingston,
Jamaica, by the tug Samsonia - 5200 miles in 29.5 days, the longest
tow in submarine history. Arrived Devonport 9-Apr-58 and proceeded next day
to Portsmouth for repairs. Turpin was the last submarine based in
Malta - leaving for UK 9-Nov-64. Arrived Portsmouth 20-Nov-64 to pay off.
Transferred to Israeli navy 1965, renamed as Leviathan. 1978 deleted.
|Ultimatum||U2||P34||33||11-Feb-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-50||Scrap|
|Lt P.R.H. Harrison DSO DSC.
10th SM Flotilla.
Sank Italian s/m Ammiraglio Enrico Millo off Cape Stilo, Calabria,
Ionian Sea, 14-Mar- 1942. Sunk German s/m U431 off Toulon, France
30-Oct-1943. Broken up at Port Glasgow 1950.
|Ultor||U2||P53||33||12-Oct-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jan-46||Scrap|
|For one patrol in the Med, Lieutenant George HUNT was
awarded the DSO to go with his DSC and bar. Sunk Italian torpedo boat
Lince in Gulf of Taranto 28-Aug-1943. Under Hunt, Ultor had a
wonderful record. Sixty eight torpedoes had been fired of which thirty two
were hits (47%). This was the highest proportion of hits made by any
submarine Commander up to that time. The nearest approach to Hunt's figures
was Ben Bryant in Safari with 45.1%. George is still patron of the
Submarine Association of Australia, Queensland Branch. (Input from Derek
Lilliman in Australia). Returned to Dolphin, Gosport, and after brief refit
joined 6th Flotilla at Blyth. When Blyth was closed the Ultor went
around to Rothesay, with the depot ship Cyclops. ASDIC training
target, then reserve at Londonderry. Broken up at Briton Ferry, Jan 1946.
|Umbra||U2||P35||33||15-Mar-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||09-Jul-46||Scrap|
|Lt S.L.C. (Lynch) Maydon. and Lt. J.D. Martin as spare C.O.
Sank a supply ship and a salvage tug, totalling 4,471 tons. 10th Flotilla.
23-Oct-41 sank 8,670-ton supply ship Amsterdam in Med. Attacked
Italian battle fleet 15-Jun-42. Coincided with a RAF attack. Scored a hit on
battleship Littorio. Saw that the cruiser Trento had stopped
due to bomb damage and so finished her off with torpedoes. Sunk Italian
troopship Piemonte 18-Nov-42. Broken up at Blyth.
|Umpire||U1||82N||33||1940||HMDY Chatham||19-Jul-41||War Loss|
|Sunk in collision, (Lt Mervyn Wingfield), 19-Jul-41, NW of
Cromer, Norfolk (c 53-00'N, 1-00'E) - rammed in error by (or, at least,
collided with) RN armed trawler Peter Hendriks. Working up and on
passage - first night at sea - with northbound East Coast convoy EC.4; 22
men lost. Majority of survivors escaped from Aft Escape compartment (Engine
Room) with DSEA. One of the survivors was Lt Edward Young, first RNVR
officer to command a submarine. Details in his book 'One of Our
Submarines' (See also Storm)
|Lt D.S.R. Martin, Lt C.P. Norman.
10th SM, Malta.
Sank 1 supply ship, 1 tanker, 1 schooner, totalling 15,355 tons. Carried and
used an old (Boer War) 12-pounder gun. Scrapped at Llanelli 1949.
|Unbeaten||U1||93N, P33||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||11-Nov-42||War Loss|
|Lt Cdr Harrison. Lt. E.A. Woodward DSO.
10th SM, Malta.
On Unbeaten's first patrol, off the coast of North Africa in May 1941,
Woodward fired three torpedoes at a large passenger-type merchant vessel,
escorted by an Italian destroyer. Two torpedoes exploded on the sea bottom,
and Unbeaten was blown upwards and her stern broke surface. The destroyer
counter-attacked with depth-charges. Each time a pump was started, the
destroyer detected the sound and attacked again. At midnight Unbeaten
surfaced; there was nothing in sight and Unbeaten cleared the area.
Unbeaten carried out 12 war patrols, for which Woodward was awarded
the DSO. This was added to when Woodward sighted the conning tower of an
approaching submarine and, in an attack lasting only 12 minutes, closed to
1,300 yards and fired four torpedoes, two of which hit and sank U374.
Woodward was awarded a Bar to his DSO. Although only four miles from an
enemy coast, Woodward surfaced to pick up survivors. On sick leave, Woodward
missed two patrols in February 1942 but returned in March for Unbeaten's
17th and last patrol from Malta. At dawn on 17 March, Woodward sighted
another submarine. He fired a salvo of four torpedoes to sink the Italian
U-boat Guglielmotti. Altogether sunk 2 submarines, 2 supply ships, 1
tanker, 1 collier, 2 schooners, totalling 30,616 tons. Sunk in Bay of Biscay
11-Nov-42 (47-00'N, 7-00'W) - attacked and sunk in error by RAF Wellington
of No.172 Squadron, Coastal Command. All hands lost. On patrol in Bay of
Biscay for German raiders, supply ships and U-boats on passage.
|Unbending||U2||P37||33||12-May-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-May-50||Scrap|
|19-Oct-42 attacked an Axis convoy bound for Tripoli, sinking
a transport and Italian destroyer Giovanni Da Verazzano, south of
Pantelleria. Damaged Italian ship Viminale 23-Jan-43. Broken up at
|Unbroken||U2||P42||33||01_Nov_41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||09_May_50||Scrap|
|Attacked main west coast railway line on the Italian
mainland. Blocked line for 24 hours. Was counter-attacked and sustained a
hit on the battery. Returned to Malta. First
10th SM Flotilla
boat to return to Malta, July 1942. Torpedoed and damaged the Italian
cruisers Bolzano and Muzio Attendolo 13-Aug-42. Became Soviet
V2 44-49. Broken up at Gateshead.
|Undaunted||U1||35N||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||13-May-41||War Loss|
|Lt. J.L. Livesay.
10th SM, Malta.
Failed to return to Malta on 11-May from patrol off Tripoli, eastern Libya,
presumed lost on mines. Undaunted sailed for her Mediterranean patrol
from Malta on 1-May-1941. Ordered to patrol off Tripoli the submarine failed
to return on her due date of 11-May and attempts to contact her failed. It
is believed that she fell victim to the Italian torpedo boat Pegaso
which had sailed from Tripoli on the 12th. At 2030 that evening Pegaso
signalled that she had attacked a submarine with depth charges and that a
large patch of oil had been observed, indication of the submarine’s
destruction. Against this theory is the fact that by that date Undaunted
should have been back in harbour but it is possible that a decision to
remain at sea for a day had been taken or that Undaunted may have
suffered mechanical problems preventing her return. Italians claim she was
sunk by torpedo boat Pleiade off Tripoli on 13th during attack on
Axis supply ship. Lost with all hands.
|Undine||U1||48C||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||07-Jan-40||War Loss|
|Lt.Cdr. A.S. Jackson. Undine was on her fourth war
patrol in Jan-1940 when her asdic failed due to a leak. At 0940 on 7-Jan,
Undine sighted what was thought to be three trawlers 20 miles west of
Heligoland; but were in fact German minesweepers. Undine
unsuccessfully attacked the leading vessel; minutes later there was a large
explosion followed by others as the minesweepers opened fire. Undine
was at 50 feet and proceeding blind due to the loss of asdic. After 5
minutes of no further attacks Undine raised her periscope; as she did
so an explosion shook the submarine, blowing her upwards and rendering the
hydroplanes useless. Without the use of the hydroplanes escape would have
been impossible and the order to abandon ship was give. While the crew
entered the water, to be picked up by the minesweepers, demolition charges
were set and the submarine scuttled. Sunk in North Sea. 20 miles SW of
Heligoland island - by depth charges of German minesweepers M.1201,
1204 and 1207.
|Union||U1||56N||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||22-Jul-41||War Loss|
|Lt. R.F. Galloway.
10th SM, Malta.
Sank a supply ship of 2,800 tons. Sailed Malta 0100 14-July-41 to intercept
a convoy north of Tripoli the following day. Sunk 25 miles SW of Pantelleria
island in Strait of Sicily - by Italian torpedo boat Circe. Attacking
Italian convoy and presumed lost in counter-attack.
|Unique||U1||95N||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||24-Oct-42||War Loss|
|Lt A.F. Collett DSC.
10th SM, Malta.
Lt. R.E. Boddington. Sank 1 armed merchant cruiser, 1 transport, 2 supply
ships, totalling 20,382 tons. After UK refit, sailed Holy Loch 7-Oct-42 sunk
in Atlantic October 1942, carrying out Bay of Biscay patrol while on passage
from Britain to Gibraltar. Reported off Lands End on the 9th and not heard
from again. Cause of loss unknown, but possibly lost around 24-Oct-42, west
of Gibraltar; lost with all hands.
|Unison||U2||P43||33||01_Nov_41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01_May_50||Scrap|
|Unofficially known as Ulysses until named Unison.
Lt.Cdr. A. Daniell DSO, DSC. Sank, by gunfire, German ammunition ship off
Tripoli Feb 1943. In same month the name Unison was used, the boat
having just been P43 until then. Fired on by US tanker in error off
Bizerta, Med Aug 1943. Became Soviet V3 1944-49.
|United||U2||P44||33||01-Dec-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-46||Scrap|
|Lt J Roxburgh. (later FOSM). Sank Italian destroyer
Bombardiere off western Sicily 17-Jan-1943. Sank Italian s/m Remo
15-Jul-43 Gulf of Taranto during Op Husky - invasion of Sicily. Broken up at
|Unity||U1||66C||33||1938||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||29-Apr-40||War Loss|
|Lt. F.J. Brooks. Lost in an accident in the North Sea, while
operating out of Blyth. (ack. Ron Biddle). In collision with Norwegian SS
Atle Jarl. At 1730 on 29-April-1940, Unity sailed from Blyth for
Norway. The weather and visibility down to 300 yards as Unity moved
out of the harbour; in the main channel, where the Norwegian ship Atle
Jarl was proceeding on her way from Scotland to the Tyne, visibility was
down to 100 yards: Neither vessel was aware of the other until the submarine
spotted the ship at 50 yards and on a collision course. There was just time
to shut the bulkhead doors and order the engines astern before the Atle
Jarl smashed into the submarine. The order to abandon the submarine was
given and Unity sank only five minutes after the collision.
|Universal||U2||P57||33||01-Nov-42||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Jun-46||Scrap|
|Broken up at Milford Haven.
|Unrivalled||U2||P45||33||01-Feb-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||22-Jan-46||Scrap|
|Broken up at Briton Ferry.
|Unruffled||U2||P46||33||01-Dec-41||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jan-46||Scrap|
|Made many patrols from Malta 1942-43. Broken up at Troon.
|Unruly||U2||P49||33||01-Jul-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Feb-46||Scrap|
|13-July-1943 Sunk Italian s/m Acciaio north of the
Strait of Messina (during Op Husky - invasion of Sicily). Broken up at
|Unseen||U2||P51||33||01-Apr-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Sep-49||Scrap|
|Sank the Brandeburg off Corsica 21 Sep 43. Broken up
at Hayle, Cornwall.
|Unshaken||U2||P54||33||01-Feb-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Mar-46||Scrap|
|28-April-1943 sunk Italian torpedo boat Climene off
Sicily. Captured Italian submarine Menolti on the night that Italy
ceased hostilities and escorted it to Malta. Broken up at Troon.
|Unsparing||U2||P55||33||01-Jul-42||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Feb-46||Scrap|
|Lt Cdr 'Peter' Piper, DSC & Bar. Malta & Beirut. Successful
in Med/Aegean. Broken up at Inverkeithing.
|Broken up at Newport.
|Untamed||U2||P58||33||01-Dec-42||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Mar-46||Scrap|
|Lt. G.M. Noll. Foundered Clyde 30/5/43, salvaged 5-July-43
refitted and named
John Holt's site for full information. Broken up at Troon.
|Untiring||U2||P59||33||01-Jan-43||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Jul-57||Target|
|Sank 2 German A/S ships off Toulon 27-Apr-44 and 10-Jun-44.
Loaned Greece as Xifias 45-52. Returned RN '52, Asdic target sunk
25-Jul-57 off Start Point.
|Upholder||U1||99N||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||14-Apr-42||War Loss|
|Lt Cdr Malcolm David Wanklyn VC, DSO DSC. Most successful of
all British s/ms.
10th SM, Malta.
25 patrols. 24-May-41 attacks a strongly escorted troop convoy off the coast
of Sicily, sinking 18,000-ton liner Conte Rosso. Wanklyn was awarded
the Victoria Cross for this and previous actions. 18-Sep-41, sinks the
19,500-ton transports Neptunia and Oceania, making for
Tripoli. Sunk Italian s/m Saint Bon north of Sicily 5-Jan-42. Sunk
Italian s/m Tricheco off Brindisi, southern Adriatic, 18-Mar-42.
Sunk, in all, 2 destroyers, 3 submarines, 3 transports, 10 supply ships, 2
tankers, 1 trawler, totalling 128,353 tons. Lost NE of Tripoli, western
Libya (c 35-00'N, 16-00'E) - by depth charges of Italian destroyer escort
Pegaso. Sunk while attacking Italian convoy North of Tripoli and
presumed lost in the counter-attack; lost with all hands. A legend.
|Upright||U1||89N, P38||33||21-Apr-40||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Mar-46||Scrap|
|Lt E.D. Norman DSO DSC, Lt J.S. Wraith DSC.
10th SM, Malta.
Sank 1 cruiser (Armando Diaz on 25-Feb-41, east coast of Tunisia), 1
destroyer (Albatros on 27-Sep-1941, off Messina, Sicily), 4 supply
ships, 1 floating dock - total 23,408-tons. Broken up at Troon.
|Uproar||U2||P31||33||01-Nov-40||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||13-Feb-46||Scrap|
|Originally named P31, then Ulleswater. Lt. J.B.
deB. Kershaw DSO. Sank 1 cruiser, 1 supply ship, totalling 12,100 tons.
10th Flotilla Broken
up at Inverkeithing.
|Upshot||V||P82||37||24-Feb-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||22-Nov-49||Scrap|
|3rd Flotilla, Holy Loch. Broken up at Preston.
|Upstart||U2||P65||33||01-Nov-42||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||29-Jul-57||Target|
|Lt.Cdr Paul Chapman, author of 'Submarine Torbay' (Hale,
1989) was C.O. Became Greek Amfitrite 45-52. Expended as A/S target
off Isle of Wight.
|Urchin||U1||97N, P39, P97||33||30-Sep-40||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1949||Scrap|
|Loaned to Polish Navy 11/1/41, re-named 'Sokol'.
As Sokol, Cdr Karnicki, VM DSO, had famous career with
10th SM Flotilla
at Malta, sinking 1 destroyer, 1 schooner, 2 supply ships totalling
7462-tons. Returned to RN 1946 and renamed P97. Broken up 1949.
|Urge||U1||17N||33||1940||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||06-May-42||War Loss|
|Lt Cdr E.P.Tomkinson, DSO and Bar.
10th SM, Malta.
Sunk Italian cruiser Giovanni della Bande Nere north of Sicily
1-April-1942. Sunk 2 cruisers, 1 destroyer, 1 transport, 5 supply ships, 2
tankers, totalling 74,669 tons. Sunk April/May 1942, on passage from Malta
to Alexandria at time of withdrawal of 10th Submarine Flotilla from Malta.
Sailed 27-Apr-42, but failed to arrive on 6/5. Probably lost on Italian
mines, with all hands.
|Ursula||U1||59C||33||16-Feb-38||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-May-50||Scrap|
|Commander G C Phillips, DSO, GM. Nov 37 to April 1940. Lt A
J Mackenzie. Aug 40-Sept 41. Lt Arthur Hezlet DSC. Sept 41-Mar 42. Lt R B
Lakin DSO. Mar 42 - Feb 43. Fired the first British submarine torpedoes of
the war when attacking German U-35, 9-Sep-39. Lt Cdr Philllips - Torpedoed
Light cruiser Leipzig 14/12/39
(see details). Lt. A.J. MacKenzie, Lt. P.R. Ward, Lt. A.R. Hezlet DSC.
Sank the ore carrier Heddenheim off Bremen, 21 Mar 40. While with
10th SM, Malta,
sank 2 supply ships, including the Italian liner Vulcania totalling
14,640 tons. Later Soviet V4 1944-49. As V4, sank a German
merchant ship in Arctic. Broken up at Grangemouth.
|Urtica||V||37||01-Mar-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Mar-50||Scrap|
|Broken up at Milford Haven.
|Usk||U1||65N||33||Vickers Armstrong||03-May-41||War Loss|
|Lt. P.R. Ward, Lt. G.P. Darling.
10th SM, Malta.
Sailed Malta 19/4/41 for patrol off NW Sicily and later the Cape Bon,
Tunisia area in the Strait of Sicily. Failed to return on 3/5, presumed lost
on Italian mines. Italians claim sunk by destroyers Pigafetta and
Zeno on the 4th May, west of Sicily during a convoy attack; lost with
|Usurper||U2||P56||33||Vickers Armstrong||11-Oct-43||War Loss|
|Sailed Algiers 24-Sep-43 for Gulf of Genoa/La Spezia patrol.
Failed to answer signal on 11-Oct. Possibly mined or sunk by German
anti-submarine vessel UJ.2208 in the Genoa area on the 3rd; lost with
|Uther||U2||P62||33||06-Apr-43||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Feb-50||Scrap|
|Broken up at Hayle, Cornwall.
|Utmost||U1||19N, P42||33||Vickers Armstrong||24-Nov-42||War Loss|
|Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley DSO. (aka 'Harmonica Dick')
10th SM, Malta.
Sank 1 transport, 6 supply ships, totalling 43,993 tons. Left Malta for
patrol in Nov 42. Sunk off NW Sicily in Tyrrhenian Sea (c 36-30'N, 12-00'E)
- by depth charges of Italian destroyer escort 'Groppo'. On patrol
off Marittimo Island.
|Vagabond||V||37||01-Sep-44||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||26-Jan-50||Scrap|
|Broken up at Newport.
|Vampire||V||P72||37||20-Jul-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Mar-50||Scrap|
|Med 1944; Lt. Taylor commanding. Operated in the Aegean,
conducting operational patrols in June and July of that year, during which
she sank four small coasting vessels. In a further patrol in October she
torpedoed & sank a 3,500 ton steamer. Broken up at Gateshead.
|Vandal||U2||P64||33||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||24-Feb-43||War Loss|
|Lt. J.S. Bridges. Wrecked off Kilbrennan Sound, Lochranza,
Clyde 24-Feb-43 on work-up, cause unknown. On 22-Feb-1943 left the depot
ship Forth, on Holy Loch, to carry out a three-day exercise in the
Clyde, which was to include a deep dive on the 24th. During the exercise the
submarine was under no obligation to communicate with her base and no alarm
was felt when she did not do so. On 24-February Vandal was observed
leaving her anchorage just north of the Isle of Arran. This was the last
seen of her. Rediscovered Dec 1994. War Grave 1995.
|Varangian||U2||P61||33||01-Apr-43||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Jun-49||Scrap|
|Broken up at Gateshead.
|Variance||V||P85||37||01-May-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Dec-65||Scrap|
|Norwegian Utsira 44-65. Broken up in Hamburg.
|Varne (i)||U2||P66||33||01-Jan-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Dec-65||Scrap|
|Norwegian Ula 43-65. Broken up in Hamburg.
|Varne (ii)||V||37||01-Feb-44||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Sep-58||Scrap|
|Broken up at Troon.
|Veldt||V||37||01-Jul-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Dec-57||Scrap|
|Greek Pipinos 43-57. Broken up at Dunston on Tyne.
|Vengeful||V||37||01-Jul-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Mar-58||Scrap|
|Greek Delphin 45-57. Broken up at Gateshead.
|(Lt. J.S. Launders) Joined the 9th Sub. Flotilla at Dundee.
Sank 2,500 ton steamer 2 March 44; 600 ton steamer 11 September; Sank two
German U boats - U771 on 11-Nov-44, off Lofoten Islands, Norway, and
U864, off Bergen, Norway, on 9-Feb-45. The sinking of U864 was
a first, both boats being dived at the time. Periscope attack, the German's
sloppy periscope drill gave Venturer two good sightings. Sank 600 ton
steamer 22 Jan 45 and a 1000 ton steamer 19 March 45. Later became Norwegian
Utstein. Broken up at Sarpsborg.
|Vigorous||V||P74||37||01-Oct-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Dec-49||Scrap|
|Lt. N.R. Wood. To the Med. 1944. Conducted patrols in August
and October of that year; sank 3 small coasting vessels in first patrol.
During second, sank 1,750 ton steamer, 1 x armed ferry and two coasting
vessels. Early 1945 deployed to Far East, conducting patrol in Malacca
Straits in July 45, sinking one coaster. Broken up at Stockton on Tees.
|Viking||V||P69||37||1944||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||1949||Scrap|
|Joined 9th Sub. Flotilla at Dundee (Lt. Banner-Martin).
Conducted patrols along Norwegian coast. One highlight was an attack on a
coastal convoy 14 October 1944, sinking a ship of 1200 tons.
|Vineyard||V||37||01-May-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Jun-50||Scrap|
|French Doris 44-47. Broken up at Charlestown, Fife.
|Virtue||V||P75||37||01-Nov-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||19-May-46||Scrap|
|To the Med, commander Lt. Cairns. Patrols in the Aegean,
most successful being in August, sinking 3 small coastal vessels and October
sinking six small coasting vessels. To the Far East early 1945. Scrapped in
|Virulent||V||37||01_May_44||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01_Apr_61||Scrap|
|Greek Argonaftis 46-58. Returned to RN 3-Oct-58.
Broke adrift from tow from Malta to the Tyne, 15-Dec-58. Towed into Pasajes
by fishing boats, 6-Jan-59. Sold to Spanish shipbreakers 1961 and broken up
|Visigoth||V||P76||37||01-Nov-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Apr-50||Scrap|
|Lt. C.H. Hammer. 3rd Flotilla Holy Loch, then Eastern Fleet
1945. Broken up at Hayle, Cornwall.
|Vitality||U2||33||08-Dec-42||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Feb-46||Scrap|
|Launched as Untamed. Foundered in Clyde 30/5/43,
|Vivid||V||P77||37||01-Sep-43||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Oct-50||Scrap|
|Lt J.C. Varley. Mediterranean. Patrols in the Aegean,
sinking a 1500 ton steamer in June 44; 1 x 500 ton steamer and 3 small
coastal vessels in August. Deployed to the Far East in early 1945. Conducted
at least one patrol in June 1945, sinking one small vessel off
Burma/Thailand. Broken up at Faslane.
|Volatile||V||37||01-Jun-44||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||23-Dec-58||Scrap|
|Greek Triaina 46-58. Broken up at Dunston on Tyne.
|Voracious||V||P78||37||01-Nov-43||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-May-46||Scrap|
|Operated in Far East 1945. Scrapped in India. (Lt.) John
Harvey Jones (later of ICI) was XO.
|Vortex||V||37||01-Aug-44||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-Aug-58||Scrap|
|French Morse 44-47, Danish Saelen 47-58.
Broken up at Faslane.
|Vox (i)||U2||P67||33||01-Jan-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-May-49||Scrap|
|Became French Curie 43-46. July 1946 returned RN and
named Vox (P67) replacing its own replacement (see next boat).
2-May-49 broken up at Milford Haven.
|Vox (ii)||V||P73||37||01-Sep-43||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||01-May-46||Scrap|
|Operated in Far East 1945. Scrapped in Cochin, India.
|Vulpine||V||P79||37||01-Dec-43||Vickers Armstrong Tyne||01-Apr-59||Scrap|
|Initially 3rd Flotilla at Holy Loch. Fitted with dummy 'schnorkel'
in 1944 - for training RAF crews. Danish Storen 47-58. Broken up at
|Used for evaluation and training. See
X-craft. (On names/numbers of X-Craft, X-1 and X-2 were not used: X-1
had been a giant submarine with twin turrets and scrapped for being
impractical; X-2 had been a captured enemy vessel.
|X-4||X||4||1943||Varley Marine and HMDY Portsmouth||1945||Scrap|
|Used for evaluation and training. See
|X-5||X||4||1942||Vickers, Barrow||22-Sep-43||War Loss|
|Tirpitz raid, Kå Fjord, Norway 22-27 Sept 1943. Lt H
Henty-Greer RNVR. Possibly destroyed by Tirpitz gun crew. See
X-craft. See details:
Tirpitz attack and
|X-6||X||4||1943||Vickers, Barrow||22-Sep-43||War Loss|
|Tirpitz raid Kå Fjord, Norway 22-27 Sept 1943. Lt D
Cameron RNR, SubLt JV Lorimer RNVR, SubLt RH Kendall RNVR, ERA E.Goddard.
Deployed explosives under Tirpitz but crew captured. Boat scuttled.
X-craft See details:
Tirpitz attack and
|X-7||X||4||1943||Vickers, Barrow||22-Sep-43||War Loss|
|Tirpitz raid, Kå Fjord, Norway 22-27 Sept 1943. Lt
BCG Place VC. Towed by Stubborn. Placed charges, which exploded under
Tirpitz, but was unable to escape. Place abandoned the boat and was
captured. Sub Lt Aitken escaped three hours later with DSEA. Remaining two
crew lost. See
X-craft. See details:
Tirpitz attack and
|X-8||X||4||1943||Vickers, Barrow||17-Sep-43||War Loss|
|Tirpitz/Scharnhorst raid; Alten Fjord, Norway
22-27 Sept 1943. Towed by Seanymph. Scuttled on voyage. See
X-craft See details:
|X-9||X||4||1943||Vickers, Barrow||15-Oct-43||War Loss|
|Scharnhorst raid; Alten Fjord, Norway 22-27 Sept
1943. Towed by Sceptre(?), lost on voyage. See
X-craft. See details:
|X-10||X||4||1943||Vickers, Barrow||15-Oct-43||War Loss|
|Tirpitz/Scharnhorst raid, Kå Fjord, Norway 22-27 Sept
1943. Lt KR Hudspeth RANVR; delayed by electrical and mechanical problems in
closing her original target, Scharnhorst. Jettisoned explosives in
Alten fjord and eventually rendezvoused with Stubborn, but scuttled
due to gales on voyage home. See
X-craft. See details:
Tirpitz attack and
|Used for Op Postage Able (recon of Normandy beaches) and Op.
Gambit (marking of landing areas at Normandy Beaches, D-Day) Lt. Hudspeth
|X-22||X||4||1943||Markham, Chesterfield||07-Feb-44||War Loss|
|Collision Pentland Firth with HMSM Syrtis. See
|Used for Op. Gambit (marking of landing areas at Normandy
Beaches, D-Day) Lt. G. Honour RNVR (see
|Attacked and destroyed supply ship Barenfels at
Bergen 14-Apr-44 and Floating Dock, Bergen, Norway, 11-Sep-44. See
See details On display at RN SM Museum.
|XE-1||XE||4||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||Scrap|
|Myoko attack at Singapore. See
X-craft. Broken up in Sydney.
|XE-2||XE||4||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||Scrap|
X-craft. Broken up in Sydney.
|XE-3||XE||4||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||Scrap|
|Sank Jap cruiser Takao at Singapore 31/7/45. Lt
Fraser VC, LS Magennis VC. Towed into position by Stygian. See
Far East ops and
XE-3. Broken up in Sydney.
|XE-4||XE||4||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||Scrap|
|Cut HK & Singapore cables to Saigon 31/7/44. See
Far East ops. Broken up in Sydney.
|XE-5||XE||4||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||Scrap|
|Cut HK & Singapore cables to Saigon 31-Jul-44. See
Far East ops. Broken up in Sydney.
|XE-6||XE||4||Vickers Armstrong Barrow||Scrap|
X-craft. Broken up in Sydney.
|XE-8||XE||4||Broadbent, Huddersfield||Loss (not war)|
|Sank in tow off Portland '45. Salvaged '73 but derelict at
Imperial War Museum . See
|Cancelled during construction.
|Collided with boom in Loch Striven 6-Mar-45. Salved and
|Cannibalised for spares. Scrapped 1952.
|XT-1 to XT-6||XT||4||1943-44||Vickers Armstrong, Barrow||Scrap|
|Simplified craft built for training. Another 12 craft,
(XT7-12 and XT14-19) were ordered from Broadbent, Huddersfield, but were
cancelled before completion.
© Geoff Chalcraft 2000-2001